Ch 7: NETWORKING: CONNECTING COMPUTING DEVICES UNDERSTANDING NETWORKING Cheat Sheet 1. NetworksA computer networkis two or more computers connected together via software and hardware so they can communicate. Devices connected to a network are called nodes. Networks allow users to share peripherals such as printers, to transfer files from one computer to another without using external storage media, and to share broadband Internet connections. 2. Types of Networksa. Peer-to-Peer (P2P):Each node on the network can communicate directly with every other node. No separate device is needed to control the network. This is the most common type of home network. b. Client/Server:Contains clients andservers. A clientis a computer on which users accomplish specific tasks (such as construct spreadsheets). 3. Wireless Networks A wireless networkuses radio waves instead of wires or cables. Wireless networks in the U.S. are based on the 802.11 standard, also known as Wi-Fi. For home networking, the 802.11gstandard is most common.
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