Psychology 242 - Developing Hypotheses WP

Psychology 242 - Developing Hypotheses WP - Developing...

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Developing Hypotheses
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Sources of research questions Personal Interest Unanswered questions from previous research Applied questions Theory testing Explain new phenomenon Test contrasting theories Develop/ Expand existing theory
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Reasoning processes Inductive thinking Start with observation → Develop hypothesis Typically used when we do not know much about a phenomenon Need to be careful: May have missed important factor. Deductive thinking Start with theory/ hypothesis → Collect observations Used when we have defined theories Allows for stronger conclusions.
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Theories in Science Simplified framework for explaining complex phenomena A scientific theory must be both Testable Falsifiable Theories organize data and help predict new data
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How do we decide whether a theory is good? Historians of science have argued that “good theories” tend to have the following qualities: They are generative They make
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Psychology 242 - Developing Hypotheses WP - Developing...

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