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fall11handout1 - Introduction to Sociology Welcome to...

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1 Introduction to Sociology SOC 1113 Fall 2011 Dr. Gary Webb Oklahoma State University Welcome to Sociology! The scientific study of society and human behavior. A Glimpse at American Society • 312,052,440 people in the U.S. (U.S. Census Bureau, 2011) • 43.6 million people (14.3%) in poverty (2009, U.S. Census Bureau) • 21% of children live in poverty (2009, U.S. Census Bureau) • 50.7 million people (16.7%) uninsured (2009, U.S. Census Bureau) • 371 billionaires in the U.S. in 2006 ( Forbes magazine) • 15,241murders in 2009 (FBI, Uniform Crime Report) • 98,097 reported rapes in 2009 (FBI, Uniform Crime Report) • 2.3 million people incarcerated in 2011 (Bureau of Justice Statistics) Sociology: Some Common “First Reactions” • “It’s just common sense.” • “It’s blaming society.” • “It vilifies the rich and powerful.” • “It discounts my personal views.” • “It’s too liberal.” • “It’s social work.” • “It’s just like psychology.” • “It’s depressing!” Ground Rules of Sociology • Systematic observation and empirical evidence • Patterns and trends • The sociological imagination • Value-Free sociology • Social theory vs. social reform A Note on Sociological Methods • The Scientific Model and Empirical Evidence Quantitative Methods –Surveys –Controlled Experiments Qualitative Methods –Ethnography –Participant observation –Interviews –Content Analysis
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2 Sociology in Historical Context The Enlightenment Positivism (Comte) The Industrial Revolution Urbanization The Three Major Sociological Perspectives • Functionalism, Conflict Theory, and Symbolic Interactionism • Key differences: –Level of Analysis (Micro or Macro) –Primary emphasis (Social structure or Social interaction) –Views on Social order and Social change Three Sociological Perspectives: Functionalism • Emile Durkheim • Sociology is the study of social facts Manifest and latent consequences of social action • Society is a system (e.g., an organism) Social order results from the division of labor,
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This note was uploaded on 10/12/2011 for the course SOC 1113 taught by Professor Webb during the Fall '06 term at Oklahoma State.

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fall11handout1 - Introduction to Sociology Welcome to...

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