Key Terms for ECN 111A MT2

Key Terms for ECN 111A MT2 - Key Terms for ECN 111A MIDTERM...

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Key Terms for ECN 111A MIDTERM 2 1. Treaty of Paris (1783) a. Formally ends the American Revolutionary war b. Settles territorial boundaries c. Gives US all land east of the Mississippi River (except Florida; see map from February 2 nd ’s PowerPoint) 2. Louisiana Purchase (1803) a. US acquires 828,800 square miles (2,147,000 square kilometers) that belonged to France b. US paid $15 million to Napoleon c. James Monroe travels to Paris in 1802 to negotiate purchase of rights to New Orleans and surroundings, not to the entire territory; oversteps authority d. Despite concerns in the US that the deal was unconstitutional, it was approved 3. Republic of Texas (1845) a. 1821 Mexico wins its war for independence b. Broke from the war, Mexico encourages settlers to act as buffer against Native Americans; Stephen Austin gets land grant in 1822 c. American-born settlers soon outnumber Mexican-born; dislike Mexican laws and regulations (for example, Mexico opposed to slavery) d. Texas declares/wins independence and forms Republic of Texas e. Texas not immediately annexed because of concerns about slavery/balance of power between slave and non-slave states; concerns about angering Mexico 4. The Oregon Country (1846) a. What is today the states of Oregon, Washington and part of Idaho b. Originally occupied by British and French Canadian fur traders and trappers, American settlers show up in the mid-1830s c. Disputes between British and US resolved by Oregon Treaty of 1846, establishing Canada-US border at the 49 th parallel 5. The Mexican Cession (1848) a. What is today the states of California, Nevada, most of Arizona, Utah and parts of New Mexico and Colorado b. Ceded/sold to US as a result of the Mexican-American War 6. Manifest Destiny a. 19 th century belief that the US (in particular the white, Anglo-Saxon descended Americans) was destined to expand from “sea to shining sea” across the North American continent b. Used as a justification for the US engaging in the Mexican-American War
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c. Belief in America’s role in promoting and defending democracy in the world continues to have an influence on American politics today 7. Mexican-American War (1846-1848) a. Mexico and the US go to war over the annexation of Texas, which Mexico thought still belonged to them despite the Texas Revolution b. Then President James K. Polk’s (Democratic Party) stated goal was territorial expansion of the US to the Pacific coast c. Highly controversial with strong opposition from Whig Party d. US victory forced the Mexican Cession 8. Gadsden Purchase (1854) a. What is today part of the states of Arizona and New Mexico b. Purchased from Mexico for $10 million in a treaty signed by James Gadsden (American ambassador to Mexico at the time) c. Southerners wanted a railroad running from the Pacific Ocean to expand trade opportunities; previously acquired territory was not well-suited to railroads d. Controversy over slavery in the new territory prevented much federal funding for
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Key Terms for ECN 111A MT2 - Key Terms for ECN 111A MIDTERM...

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