Lec14__EarlyHomo-ArchaicHs_SS10

Lec14__EarlyHomo-ArchaicHs_SS10 - ANP 202 Biocultural...

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ANP 202 Biocultural Evolution Lecture 14 Early Homo – Archaic Homo sapiens
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Climate Change in the Pliocene Cooler & drier Food more difficult to find Environmental adaptation necessary Robusts: morphological changes Homo : behavioral changes A. africanus Homo habilis Robust species A. garhi A. afarensis
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The Genus: Homo Evolved 3-2.5 mya Bigger brains Tool use Hunting Complex social behavior Control of fire Species: habilis, erectus, heidelbergensis, neanderthalensis, sapiens
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Homo habilis 2.5 -1.6 mya “handy man” Eastern and southern Africa Postcranial similarities to africanus 650 cc
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Olduwan tools Tools found in association with Habilis 2 tool types: flakes and hammer stones Cutting, chopping, and crushing Meat processing
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Evidence of Butchering in Faunal Remains Cut Marks Crushing
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Camp sites High density of tools indicates camp site New pattern of living in the environment
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Homo erectus 1.8 - 0.3 mya “upright man” Africa, Asia, Europe Smaller teeth 950 cc
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Post-Cranial Changes in erectus Longer legs and stride 30-40% taller than habilis Terrestrial bipedalist
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China (Zhoukoudian) Cave used as home Controlled use of fire
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This note was uploaded on 10/13/2011 for the course ANP 202 taught by Professor Lewis during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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Lec14__EarlyHomo-ArchaicHs_SS10 - ANP 202 Biocultural...

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