hst 306 henry ford transportation

hst 306 henry ford transportation - Travis Marschner HST...

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Travis Marschner HST 306-001 Henry Ford Museum: Methods of Transportation Presidential Vehicles: Reagan Car : 1972 Lincoln which was used from 1972 to 1992. Protecting the President gets serious. This sleek limousine, first used by President Nixon, provided refuge for President Reagan in 1981 after he was shot by would-be assassin John Hinkley. Like all presidential cars after President Kennedy’s assassination, it is a completely armored closed car with a permanent roof and bullet-proof glass. But, in a concession to the presidents’ desire to be seen, a sunroof panel can be opened for two people to stand up with their upper bodies outside the car. The limo pictured was used by Richard M. Nixon, Gerald R. Ford, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush. Some special features include full armor plate, bullet-resistant glass, ‘run flat’ tires, PA system for president and fluorescent lights inside allow occupants to see inside of car and outsiders cannot see in. Kennedy Car : 1961 Lincoln which was used from 1961 to 1977. The modern new four- door convertible seemed well-suited to a young, forward-thinking president. But tragedy struck when President Kennedy was assassinated in November 1963, while riding in this car through the streets of Dallas, Texas. As the world mourned, the Secret Service quickly took steps to have this vehicle rebuilt so it would better protect future presidents. Later modifications during Johnson’s and Nixon’s presidencies only served to illustrate the continual tension between the presidents’ desire to be seen and Secret Service efforts to protect them. Dwight D. Eisenhower’s Bubbletop : 1950 Lincoln which was used from 1950 to 1967. It was a new era and the old fleet of presidential cars was looking decidedly out of date. President Truman first rode this
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flashy convertible after it was delivered to the White House along with nine closed limousines in 1950. President Eisenhower later had the car fitted with a removable Plexiglas top that allowed him to see and be seen even in bad weather. This “bubbletop” soon became the name for the whole car. This limo was used by Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. The vehicle was made by the Ford Motor Company in Dearborn, Michigan. Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s Sunshine Special : 1939 Lincoln which was used from 1939 to 1950. The first car expressly designed and built for a president. White House staff sent five pages of special instructions with the order for this new presidential vehicle. A world war was looming, and added security was crucial. Even more security features were added in 1942, after Pearl Harbor was bombed and the United States entered World War II. Other features of this custom-made car made it easier to lift President Roosevelt in and out, since his legs had become paralyzed from the fearsome and incurable disease of polio. Despite these hardships, President Roosevelt enjoyed riding in public, and the top of his “Sunshine Special” convertible was often down as he greeted crowds. This limo was used by Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman.
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