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HST 306 Term Project - Marschner HST 306 1 Travis Marschner...

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Marschner HST 306 1 Travis Marschner HST 306-001 World War II – Term Project War is often a bittersweet taste in the mouths of the victors. World War Two had a massive impact on the way American ways of life looked. America did not intend to enter into this war, but were undoubtedly forced into protecting the greatest government, “Democracy.” The effects were both short and long term, positive and negative. Between the years of 1939 to 1945, America was morphed and shaped into the great nation it is today. However, even a great nation must experience detrimental losses. World War II had countless casualties for the Allies and the Axis Powers. This paper will show how the war changed the American way of life, the economy, and the fabric of the constitutional democracy. To help understand the impact of the war, one must understand the chronology of the events. This horrible day occurred on December 7, 1941. However, the war started when Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939. This was merely six years after Hitler was appointed chancellor of Germany. The war was not initially titled, “World War II,” the war that started in 1939 in Europe was called the War of 1939. 1 There were two major alliances of the great powers: the Axis and the Allies. The Allies consisted of three countries the United States, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union. The Axis Powers effort was backed by Germany, Japan and Italy. The war started in Europe and remained a war in Europe until the Japanese decided their fate on December 7, 1941. The Japanese sent six carriers, two battleships, two heavy cruisers and 432 planes on the carriers ready to attack at 0755 hours local time in Pearl Harbor on the US Pacific Fleet with two waves of attacks. 2 Before the 1 World War II, 5. 2 Almanac Book of World War II, 133.
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Marschner HST 306 2 attack on Pearl Harbor the Americans and President Franklin D. Roosevelt could not and would not advocate military intervention. F.D.R. had even publicly renounced armed intervention within the Western Hemisphere—America's “backyard”--arguing that the United States should be a Good Neighbor. 3 America began preparations to enter the war even before it started. Approximately a year prior to entering the war on September 16, 1940, the national Selective Service and Training Act went into effect. 4 This act permits compulsory induction into the armed forces for all males between the ages of 21-35. 5 America and the Allies helped to put an end to the war on September 1, 1945 when the surrender papers were signed by the Japanese aboard the U.S.S. Missouri. World War II had profound effects on the way Americans live their lives. As noted earlier, the national Selective Service and Training Act went into effect. This is act helped ease the societies fear for their safety. Young Americans knew that they were going be called into service if there was a war. Indeed about a year later, we entered World War II. As a response to the start of the war the minimum age was decreased to 18 years of age from the prior 20 in 1942.
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