Justice for all HST 306

Justice for all HST 306 - Travis Marschner HST 306-001...

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Travis Marschner HST 306-001 Henry Ford Museum: With Liberty and Justice For All Early Years of America: 1619-A Dutch ship brings about 20 enslaved Africans to English colonists at Jamestown, Virginia. 1620-English settlers in Massachusetts draft and sign the Mayflower Compact. It is the first written framework of government in the American colonies. 1765-The British government adds new taxes with the Stamp Act. The colonists fight back with protests, boycotts, and the slogan, “No taxation without representation.” 1770-British troops are stationed in Boston to help enforce the law. Clashes between soldiers and colonists lead to the so-called Boston Massacre. 1773-To protest restrictions on buying and selling tea, American colonists dress as Indians, smash boxes of tea aboard three British ships and throw them into Boston Harbor. 1776- In his pamphlet Common Sense , Thomas Paine calls for American independence and an end to monarchy. Americans proclaim inalienable rights and freedoms-for themselves and people everywhere-with the Declaration of Independence. 1775-1783-The Revolutionary War is the longest war in the nation's history. American soldiers and militia defeat the British army and the United States wins independence. 1787-The Northwest Ordinance establishes a division of the area around the Great Lakes into new states. It prohibits slavery these and promises to protect forever the rights of Indians. 1789-Fifty-five men draft a document that defines the government for the new United States of America. Today, it is the oldest national constitution in the world. 1791-The first 10 amendments to the Constitution, called the Bill of Rights, are added to the Constitution. They protect the freedoms of American citizens against the power of the government. 1798-The Alien and Sedition Acts impose restrictions on new immigrants to the United States and threaten the First Amendment rights of free speech and freedom of the press. British need money to pay debts: War was expensive, and the British had just spent a lot of money driving France out of American territory. It seemed only right to tax American colonists to repay these debts. In 1764, the Sugar Act was ratified. The Sugar Act pushed taxes to merchants on sugar, coffee, wine and other British products. In 1765, the Stamp Act was put in place. The Stamp Act required colonists to pay stamps on all printed paper. In 1766, the Quartering Act was enacted. This act required colonists to house and feed British soldiers stationed in their town. In that same year, the Declaratory Act was ratified. It stated that Parliament could enact any law it wished on colonists. In 1767, the Townshend Acts taxed merchants on glass, lead, paint, paper and tea. Finally in 1770, tax on tea continued – eventually leading to the “Boston Tea Party.” The Constitutional Convention, 1787:
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For four months, representative from all the colonies met in Philadelphia, to draft America's new constitution. George Washington, the convention leader, insisted the windows be shut so outsiders
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Justice for all HST 306 - Travis Marschner HST 306-001...

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