Acid Bases - With our understanding of strong, weak, and...

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With our understanding of strong, weak, and non-electrolytes we can now examine the Arrhenius Definition of  Acids and Bases: Acids: Substance that produces  H +  ions when it is dissolved in  H 2 O . Bases: Substance that produces  OH -  ions when it is dissolved in  H 2 O . For example,  HCl  is an acid, and  NaOH  is a base, Acids and Bases that are strong electrolytes are called  Strong Acids  and  Strong Bases , respectively. Acids and  Bases that are weak electrolytes are called  Weak Acids  and  Weak Bases , respectively. Strong Acids HCl  is an example of a strong acid: HCl (aq)    H + (aq)  + Cl - (aq) Other examples include  HBr HI HClO 4 HClO 3 H 2 SO 4 , and  HNO 3 . Weak Acids HF  is an example of a weak acid: Other examples include  HC 2 H 3 O 2 H 2 CO 3 H 2 SO 3 H 3 PO 3 , and  H 3 PO 4 . The last four are examples  of  polyprotic acids . These are acids that can produce more than one 
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This note was uploaded on 10/13/2011 for the course CHEMISTRY 121 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at Bangladesh University of Eng and Tech.

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Acid Bases - With our understanding of strong, weak, and...

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