Latin@ Diasporas CC 20.03
May 24, 2010
The Cuban Revolution and its effect on the Cuban Diaspora
Cuba is an interesting subject of discussion for the reasons of politics and
socioeconomics, and how these two have impacted the Cuban Diaspora.
The latter can be
viewed as some of the reasons why several Cuban Revolutions have occurred since the country
gained its independence after the end of the Spanish-American War of 1898.
In my opinion the
Cuban Revolution of 1959 and the influx of the
of 1980 showed two vastly different
reasons why these two revolutions happened, and displayed two different social classes that
were and still are affected by them.
As mentioned earlier, Cuba got its independence from the Spanish-American War of
1898, and even with new found independence happening Cubans in the homeland found some
Soaring unemployment in the early 1920’s forced many Cuban workers to
follow in the tracks of their countrymen who had migrated to the United States during the
The new wave of immigrants settled in New Orleans, New York, Key West,
and especially in Tampa, where Spanish, Cuban, and Italian cigar makers had established a
The migration of these Cubans to the United States during this time period,
gave the newly migrated Cubans an economic opportunity.
However even with the migration of
Cubans to the United States in the 1920’s they didn’t come in large numbers like they did in the
1960s, after the revolution led by Fidel Castro.
The factors of migration for Cubans to the
United States differ greatly compared to other Latino groups, or at least for the revolution of
In Professor Nadal’s class I learned that two of the biggest Latino groups in the United
States (Mexicans and Puerto Ricans) came here for economic betterment.
On the other hand
Cubans around the time of the revolution of 1959 came here for political reasons.
revolution imposed a socialist system in Cuba, the power and economic opportunities for most
of the early immigrants-who were mainly middle, upper middle, or upper class people-had been
severely constricted .
It’s interesting to see that before Castro took over, Fulgencio Batista had
two runs as dictator from 1934-1944 and 1952-1958 and he was a ruthless leader.
His last run
as dictator of Cuba wasn’t as great as his first one which included improving conditions for the
Unemployment skyrocketed, incomes dropped, prostitution and corruption became
rampant, and Batista increasingly depended for his power on a bizarre alliance of Wall Street
investors, mobsters, and the Cuban managers of U.S. corporations.
The Batista dictatorship
finally collapsed when the guerillas of Fidel Castro’s twenty-sixth of July movement marched