Cuban Revolution and its effect on the Cuban Diaspora

Cuban Revolution and its effect on the Cuban Diaspora -...

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Zavala 1 Julio Zavala Professor Nadal Latin@ Diasporas CC 20.03 May 24, 2010 The Cuban Revolution and its effect on the Cuban Diaspora Cuba is an interesting subject of discussion for the reasons of politics and socioeconomics, and how these two have impacted the Cuban Diaspora. The latter can be viewed as some of the reasons why several Cuban Revolutions have occurred since the country gained its independence after the end of the Spanish-American War of 1898. In my opinion the Cuban Revolution of 1959 and the influx of the Marielitos of 1980 showed two vastly different reasons why these two revolutions happened, and displayed two different social classes that were and still are affected by them. As mentioned earlier, Cuba got its independence from the Spanish-American War of 1898, and even with new found independence happening Cubans in the homeland found some economic problems. Soaring unemployment in the early 1920’s forced many Cuban workers to follow in the tracks of their countrymen who had migrated to the United States during the nineteenth century. The new wave of immigrants settled in New Orleans, New York, Key West, and especially in Tampa, where Spanish, Cuban, and Italian cigar makers had established a thriving industry. 1 The migration of these Cubans to the United States during this time period, gave the newly migrated Cubans an economic opportunity. However even with the migration of Cubans to the United States in the 1920’s they didn’t come in large numbers like they did in the 1960s, after the revolution led by Fidel Castro. The factors of migration for Cubans to the United States differ greatly compared to other Latino groups, or at least for the revolution of 1959. In Professor Nadal’s class I learned that two of the biggest Latino groups in the United States (Mexicans and Puerto Ricans) came here for economic betterment. On the other hand Cubans around the time of the revolution of 1959 came here for political reasons. The revolution imposed a socialist system in Cuba, the power and economic opportunities for most of the early immigrants-who were mainly middle, upper middle, or upper class people-had been severely constricted . 2 It’s interesting to see that before Castro took over, Fulgencio Batista had two runs as dictator from 1934-1944 and 1952-1958 and he was a ruthless leader. His last run as dictator of Cuba wasn’t as great as his first one which included improving conditions for the poor. Unemployment skyrocketed, incomes dropped, prostitution and corruption became rampant, and Batista increasingly depended for his power on a bizarre alliance of Wall Street investors, mobsters, and the Cuban managers of U.S. corporations. The Batista dictatorship finally collapsed when the guerillas of Fidel Castro’s twenty-sixth of July movement marched
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This note was uploaded on 10/13/2011 for the course CORC 3203 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '10 term at CUNY Brooklyn.

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Cuban Revolution and its effect on the Cuban Diaspora -...

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