BUDDHA, THE WORD
(The Eightfold Path)
THE FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS
THUS has it been said by the Buddha, the Enlightened One: It is through not
understanding, not realizing four things, that I, Disciples, as well as you, had to wander
so long through this round of rebirths. And what are these four things? They are the
Noble Truth of Suffering, the Noble Truth of the Origin of Suffering, the Noble Truth of
the Extinction of Suffering, the Noble Truth of the Path that leads to the Extinction of
As long as the absolutely true knowledge and insight as regards these Four Noble
Truths was not quite clear in me, so long was I not sure, whether I had won that supreme
Enlightenment which is unsurpassed in all the world with its heavenly beings, evil spirits
and gods, amongst all the hosts of ascetics and priests, heavenly beings and men. But as
soon as the absolutely true knowledge and insight as regards these Four Noble Truths had
become perfectly clear in me, there arose in me the assurance that I had won that supreme
And I discovered that-profound truth, so difficult to perceive, difficult to understand,
tranquilizing and sublime, which is not to be gained by mere reasoning, and is visible
only to the wise.
The world, however, is given to pleasure, delighted with pleasure, enchanted with
pleasure. Verily, such beings will hardly understand the law of conditionality, the
Dependent Origination of every thing; incomprehensible to them will also be the end of
all formations, the forsaking of every substratum of rebirth, the fading away of craving;
detachment, extinction, Nirvana.
Yet there are beings whose eyes are only a little covered with dust: they will
understand the truth.
THE NOBLE TRUTH OF SUFFERING
WHAT, now, is the Noble Truth of Suffering?
Birth is suffering; Decay is suffering; Death is suffering; Sorrow, Lamentation, Pain,
Grief, and Despair, are suffering; not to get what one desires, is suffering; in short: the
Five Groups of Existence are suffering.