final quiz 1

final quiz 1 - Khanh Le Dec, 16th, 2010 ANTHR101-4 T.A:...

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Khanh Le Dec, 16 th , 2010 ANTHR101-4 T.A: Rachel Long Final simple quiz - 1 Common Aspects, Connection and More We all know that people around the world have different cultures, religions, and living conditions. However, human beings have many aspects or experiences in common, such as: the practice of exchanging gifts, the belief in our own ideas, the willing to change ideas or the way to define happiness. These ideas are universal to all people for many reasons which tell all of us that each individual may have distinctive characteristics but, somehow, may never be separated from this world. First, exchanging gift can be considered as one of the most popular practice in human life. This practice happens everywhere in the world. One important factor to know about this practice is “the [gifts] are never completely separated from the men who exchange them" (Mauss, n.d). This means to receive a gift from someone is to have the obligation to give back some time later. Sometimes, it is hard for one person in this society to realize this practice in other societies because its form varies in each society. The tradition to exchange the Kula which is practices in a number of islands to the North and East of the East end of New Guinea is one form of exchanging gift. People here exchange the Kula including long necklaces of red shell – soulava and bracelets of white shell – mwali (Malinowski, 2005, p. 70). These two parts will be kept by one man for a certain time and then passed to another man. To the two men who exchange the Kula, they “behave as friends, and have a number of mutual duties and obligations” (Malinowski, 2005, p. 76). The Kula, in this situation, can be seen as a tool for people to keep good relationship and to serve one another.
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Among the Bushmen, the form of exchanging gift is different. Men in this tribe do not take turn to keep anything like the Kula as a tradition; instead, they go hunting and then share meat to people in their family and those who live nearby. (Thomas, 1989, p. 48-49) In the Bushmen tribe, there is no gift to exchange. However, when receiving meat from another family, men in these families are assumed to have the obligation to share trophies at another time after they hunt. Dr. Crandall has said that “in all societies the exchange of gifts…is significant in building and maintaining close social relationship” (Crandall, D., 2010, p.84). According to this perception, to exchange gift is to strengthen the social relationship. For this reason, no matter what form of exchanging gift, it is still practiced all over the world. Second, the tendency to stick to the ideas which have been strongly held before is another
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final quiz 1 - Khanh Le Dec, 16th, 2010 ANTHR101-4 T.A:...

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