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Mayan Long Count Date - •*Heinrich Berlin(1915-87...

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Introduction to African, Oceanic, and Pre-Columbian Art Notes on Maya Long Count Date Pre-Columbian Maya (0-800 ce) needs writing and numbers Fantastic pyramids and took Olmec architectural skills Invented a special writing and used glyphs o Each glyph has several ultimate meanings o For elite only: aristocrats, Mayan courts, scribes, etc Nobles and kings could read but used to be read aloud o Number system based on “20” Concepts of zero (invented in Arabic and Mayan) Large calculations: conceived of numbers that astronomers use today for bounds of the universe o Unite of time: 20 days Written in bars and dots or depiction of a particular god Numbers were Gods, vice versa
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Unformatted text preview: • **Heinrich Berlin (1915-87): German-Mexican archaeologist provided evidence that hieroglyphics have meaning • **Tatiana Proskouriakoff: Russian archaeologist: responsible for translating glyphs for “He was born and He became King” o Each glyph could be interpreted as a syllable, name, word • **Yuri Knorozov (1922-99): anthropologist, philogist, linguist o First person to prove that Mayan writing contained signs for syllables • **Mayan Skull , teeth filed in the shape of the glyph for ‘wind’ or ‘breath’ o What comes out of the mouth o Teeth inlaid with jade (not decorative but used as a symbol)...
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