Anthro 101 Notes Ch 1-7

Anthro 101 Notes Ch 1-7 - ChapterOne:Frameworks 22:13...

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Chapter One: Frameworks 22:13 Anthropology 101 8/24/11 Myth : a story, usually invoking the supernatural, to account for some aspect of the  world. Science : the method of inquiry that attempts to explain phenomena through observation  and development of testing hypotheses. Creation myths: Yanomamo :  the world is divided into four layers, the first being barren, the bottom of  the second being the sky, the third being the earth, the fourth being the underworld.  Believe that the warriors are made from the blood of the gods. Yoruba : a chicken scratching the ground created land, a god got drunk and shaped  man and caused some to be deformed. Evolution : the systematic change over time of organisms or social systems. Scientific Method : the process by which phenomena are explained through  observation and the development and testing hypotheses. Induction : developing a general explanation from specific observations. Deduction : the process of suggesting the specific data that would be found if the  hypothesis were true. Hypothesis : a testable explanation of a phenomenon. Theory : a hypothesis that has been well supported by evidence and experimental  testing. Anthropology : the holistic and integrative scientific study of the human species.
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Species : a group of organisms that can only reproduce among themselves. Holism : the view that one must study all aspects of something in order to understand it. Culture : the set of shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices that characterizes an  institution, organization, or group. Cultures interact and can change, it is not the same  as nature, it is acquired and not something you’re born with. Four Fields of Anthropology: Cultural Anthropology : the study of contemporary people and their cultures.  Encompasses all aspects of the human behavior. Linguistic Anthropology : the study of communication, mainly but not exclusive to  humans. Archaeology : the study of past human cultures through their material remains. Data  Physical Anthropology : the study of humans as biological organisms, including their  evolution and contemporary variation. Paleoanthropologists : study human fossil remains. Primatologists : studies nonhuman primates.
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Chapter Two: Eden Questioned 22:13 Anthropology 101 8/29/11 Catastrophist : an adherent of the idea that the world was changed overtime by a series  of catastrophic events. Bishop Ussher
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Anthro 101 Notes Ch 1-7 - ChapterOne:Frameworks 22:13...

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