CH 12 Gender Class PSYC 2076

CH 12 Gender Class PSYC 2076 - GenderDevelopment...

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Gender Development Child Development Summer 2011
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Sex versus Gender Sex refers to the  biological  differences between XX  and XY and physical differences (e.g., males are  generally taller) Gender refers to the psychological and  behavioral  differences between the sexes
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Important Terms Gender  Identity  : an individual’s awareness of  his/her masculinity or femininity (I’m a boy or I’m a  girl) Gender Roles: the behaviors, traits, and skills  considered appropriate by culture/society Gender  Typing  : the process by which children  acquire gender roles Gender Stereotyping: general impressions about  females and males (females are emotional; males are  not)
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Development of Gender Constancy Developed by Kohlberg, great variability in ages on  ability to understand gender constancy First, children become aware of their own gender and  that of other people Next, child understands that if she is a girl, she will  grow to be a woman and vice versa Finally, even if non-stereotypical behaviors or  appearances are chosen, the performer will keep the  same gender as before
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CH 12 Gender Class PSYC 2076 - GenderDevelopment...

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