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Unformatted text preview: bout how to achieve our ends (fulfill our desires), constitutes our rationality. Or, in other words, our will is what makes us rational beings. (Not sure if this rules out animals and/or babies. Seems a little sketchy.) Some important terminology which I don’t Some important terminology which I don’t know where to talk about, but which will be important later on: Will : faculty of determining oneself to action in accordance with the conception of certain laws
In other words, the thing that drives us to action after seeing how certain commands bind us. It is through willing, then, that we are rational. End : that which serves the will as the End
objective ground of its self determination.
(the thing we’re going for—our purpose)
Means : that which contains the ground of possibility of the action of which the effect is the end.
(what we have to do to achieve our purpose) Right, now what do these concepts have to Right, now what do these concepts have to do with anything?
Now’s the time to talk about the difference between:
Categorical Imperatives But what’s an imperative?
But what’s an imperative?
It’s a kind of “command of reason”: a conception of an obligatory, objective principle.
The formulation (the spelling out) of that command of reason is an imperative. So, some quick examples of imperatives:
So, some quick examples of imperatives:
“Go to sleep!”
“Get an oil change”
“Go to medical school” So there are two kinds of imperatives again:
So there are two kinds of imperatives again:
“All imperatives command either hypothetically or categorically. The former represent the practical necessity of a possible action as a means to something else that is willed (or at least which one might possibly will). The categorical imperative would be that which represented an action as necessary of itself without reference to another end, that is, as objectively necessary.” Though they are decidedly less important, Though they are decidedly less important, let’s start with Hypothetical Imperatives.
“If now the action is good only as a means to something else, then the imperative is hypothetical”
In other words, hypothetical imperatives are commands you have to follow, assuming you already have some given purpose. For instance:
If you want to be a doctor, then you had better go to Medical School.
If you want to go to Med School, then you had better take Biology.
If you want to take Biology, then you had better get on ISIS Now, strictly speaking, these might not quite Now, strictly speaking, these might not quite count as hypothetical impera...
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This note was uploaded on 10/14/2011 for the course PHIL 2103 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Arkansas.
- Fall '08