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Intl Security 12 NukesAfterColdWar

Intl Security 12 NukesAfterColdWar - 12: KeepemorScrapem?...

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12: Nuclear Weapons States after the Cold War Keep’em or Scrap’em?  Nuclear Disarmament Considered  Nuclear disarmament considered  *moral justification But now those means (protecting the world from Soviet domination)  are no longer justified with the end of the Soviet threat *military justification France, Britain, and China thought that they may no longer end them  either Old hostile intentions were no longer there Russia no longer has he same expansionist agenda that USSR has Nuclear retention  Most states decided to keep them except for ?South Africa? Post-Cold War Strategic Setting and Implications for Nuclear  Weapons States A.  Change: uni-polarity (friends and enemies) o Formerly bi-polar international order entered a period were there  was sonly one superpower  United States o Most concluded that this uni-polarity would be durable o Provided some incentives for countries to want to keep their  nuclear weapons o Potential adversaries  viewed them as unlikely but the only  thing that could be effective against the US if need be o Friends    realized that a uni-polar US meant that allies meant  less. Therefore uni-polarity aggravated the fear of  abandonment. Asymmetrical nuclear deterrence works  differently B.  Continuity: anarchy (self-help)
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