Intl Security 22 CommandAndControl

Intl Security 22 CommandAndControl - 22CommandandControl...

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22 Command and Control Positive Control   Always act A.  Indirect Use of Force: credibility Convince the adversary of credibility of threats B.  Direct Use of Force: effectiveness To prosecute offensive or defensive military actions 1.  battle management o 2.  force multiplier  o Because command and control is a force multiplier it pays off if  you can destroy it. State cannot operate Negative Control  Until you order the military to act, you never want to use A.  Negative Control  1.  Organizational Solutions (e.g., two-man concept) o No nuclear weapon could be used without two people doing  something simultaneously.  o Has been in place since the late 1950s o What the Soviet Union relyied on 2.  Technological Solutions (e.g., permissive action links: PALs) o  Protects against what people might decide to do o engineered by the US which we shared with the Soviets B.  Distinctive Vulnerabilities Especially after nuclear revolution 1.  technical challenges Human Error
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22 Command and Control o Must enter the targeting code when weapon is armed Mistakenly entering one digit incorrectly could cause a 
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Intl Security 22 CommandAndControl - 22CommandandControl...

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