IntlSecurity 4USColdWarStrategy

IntlSecurity 4USColdWarStrategy -...

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4:Formative Years of US Cold War Strategy 14/10/2011 10:22:00 Formative Years of US Cold War Strategy I.  Transition to the Post-World War II World A.  President Truman’s Initial Plans for US Security  At the beginning he wanted to rely on the UN Defense against nuclear weapons Even though we are the only country that has them, nuclear weapons  should only be used as a last resort, last defense o Kept them in possession of Civilian Atomic Energy Commission  – not of the US military 1.  international organizations (UN) 2.  bolster US defenses  3.  nuclear weapons? Only as last resort moral qualms technical concern: scarcity o in about 3 years we have 50 atomic bombs and very few planes  that could actually carry them B .  Truman  Reconsiders Policy (‘47-’48) 1.  political change: onset of Cold War  thought we may need to rely on our technological advantage to offset  the Soviet Unions conventional advantage 2.  technology: nuclear plenty
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4:Formative Years of US Cold War Strategy 14/10/2011 10:22:00 Scientist and engineers figured out to more efficiently produce atomic  bombs. By 1958 we had 1000 atomic bombs 3.   strategy:  nuclear emphasis counterforce thinking was to use them early and often for the direct use of force possibly for defensive purposes.  Countevalue coercion, using them in a big way at the beginning of war o compellence o shock and awe some were opposed to this new nuclear emphasis C.  Strategic Bombing Debate Use of air power against an adversary 1.  strategic bombing before Cold War  (theory/practice before the Cold  War) Debate begins at the close of WWI American and Italian Leaders said no more WWIs Dropping bombs on homeland would be a way to hurt enemy’s civilian  moral Warfare is a battle between mobilized society It was a failure in WWII o Strategic bombing by air for offensive and compellent (coercion)  purposes failed o Most effective use during WWI was when combined with ground  forces
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4:Formative Years of US Cold War Strategy 14/10/2011 10:22:00 2.  US strategic bombing plans at dawn of nuclear era 
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This note was uploaded on 10/14/2011 for the course PSCI 151 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at UPenn.

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IntlSecurity 4USColdWarStrategy -...

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