Exam #2 Notes

Exam #2 Notes - History 1001 Exam #2 Notes Prof. Dietz...

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History 1001 Exam #2 Notes Prof. Dietz Minoan and Mycenaean Greece I. Discovery of New Civilizations Most people in Europe lived in villages. A great forest covered most of Europe, which provided lots of timber, but wooden structures did not survive. Ireland, 3000 BC: stone tombs and dirt mounds survived. Greece – first writing in Europe A. Homer and Schliemann 1. Homer composed the Iliad , an epic poem about the end of the Trojan War. 2. At the time it was written, the Iliad was believed to have occurred in the distant past. During the Enlightenment, people thought the city of Troy and the events of the Trojan War were nothing but myth and fantasy, until… 3. Heinrich Schliemann a. Poor as a child, Schliemann was forced to drop out of school to work in order to support his family. He taught himself Ancient Greek and had no other formal education. In 1850, he traveled to California for the gold rush, and by 1868, he was a millionaire. Obsessed with Homer’s Iliad , he soon began to claim that he could find the city of Troy by using clues in the epic poem. Believed to be insane by most people of the time, he traveled to Ottoman Turkey and asked locals about the area and its history. Eventually, he settled on a hill and began to dig. He discovered ruins of a walled city, and later, gold treasure. While the treasure was later proven to have been purchased by Schliemann and planted for him to “discover,” the city he found is believed by scholars to be the city of Troy mentioned in the works of Homer. His discovery also proved that the city goes back much further than had previously been believed. b. Soon after, Schliemann set off to find Mycenae. He found a small city high in the hills, along with the graves of 19 people who were buried with weapons, jewelry, gold, and ornate death masks. This civilization dates back to even earlier than Troy. B. Minoan Civilization (2600 – 1400 BC) 1. Sir Arthur Evans a. An Oxford professor during the 1930s who discovered the Minoan Civilization. During this time, British tourists were returning from Italy and Greece with artifacts that intrigued Evans. He launched a scientific investigation of Crete and of Knossos – the city in which the labyrinth of the mythical Minotaur was supposedly built. There, he discovered a palace with decorative walls containing pictures of bulls. b. He also found Minoan clay tablets with a new form of writing on them. 2. Minoan wealth came from trade of wine and olive oil. a. Wine and olive oil – fuel for lights 3. Minoan civilization was confined to Crete.
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4. Linear A – form of writing which appeared in 2000 BC that was used in ancient Minoan civilization. It has never been deciphered. 5.
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Exam #2 Notes - History 1001 Exam #2 Notes Prof. Dietz...

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