class 1000

class 1000 - Early Greece and the Bronze Age: Indo European...

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Early Greece and the Bronze Age: Indo – European -cultural linguistic movement from one area to another 1. Paleolithic – Old (Paleo) Stone (lithic ) c. 10.000 – 6500 BCE No agriculture and domestication of crops 2. Neolithic ( New Stone) 6500 – 3000 BCE Instead of roaming & trying to find food; they get it from the homeland People are living in small groups together; period characterized by families who share & exchange items Re- affirming connections/ social alliance Producing crops= more food = increase in growth population More food + more ppl = more resources which equals diversity Trade Independent communities ( economic, political, and social) Greece – wasn’t prominent then but evidence of contact with other countries. 3. Bronze Age 3000 – 1100 BCE Producing metal ---- example : bronze Most evidence seem to come from graves Fortifications display wealth ; 2100 a lot of sites were destroyed 4. Minoan Culture 1700 – 15000 BCE Called this bc of when excavated name from legendary king of the island Minos. Minos ruled the island and had a labyrinth Destroyed by an earthquake and underwent renovations time after time A lot of places from storage. The building was responsible for how the locals functioned Rooms used for storage e. olive oil etc. Taking everything in, producing it, then selling/ buying it out Pictures on tablet used to keep records ; keeps track for what’s coming in and what’s coming out 5. Late Helladic c. 1600 – 1100 BCE Mycenaean At the beginning of the period you see smaller domestics and larger burials Very little gold or jewelry found at grave site Evidence of imports Huge increase in wealth & burials. Increase in power among these type of chiefs – gaining more control Tholos tomb around 1500 + prominent in the country side Defense seemed to be an Important goal for these centers Megaron – center of place which is the central citadel Huge storage facility 6. Religion Typically open air sites Everything crumbles. People stop living in the places and the economies come to an end. No one knows what happens or why they stopped. Happened suddenly.
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Ritual drinking = huge part of the process 7. Iron Age Greece c. 1200 -700 BCE Decrease in what made the Mycenaean so common Burial forms change - tholos disappear ; family members stop getting buried together and start being buried individual Cist grave ( a hole in the ground which could be lined with wooden planks. Topped with stone slabs) Settlement patterns change: more scattered and smaller communities. Not necessarily more numerous ones. Style of pottery also changed.
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  • Fall '08
  • The Iliad, War, Armor, Achilles, Hector, Agamemnon, Priam, Thetis, Paris, Apollo, Athena, Diomedes, Glaucus, Helen, Hera, Menelaus, Nestor, Odysseus, Zeus, Book 1, Book 2, Book 6

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class 1000 - Early Greece and the Bronze Age: Indo European...

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