Leadership and Followers

Leadership and Followers - LEADERSHIP&FOLLOWERSHIP...

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WCOB 2033 Acquiring and Managing Human Capital
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Leadership The ability to influence others toward the achievement of goals A social influence relationship between two or more persons  who depend on each other to attain certain mutual goals in a  group situation Effective leadership helps individuals and groups achieve their  goals by focusing on the group’s 1) maintenance needs and 2)  task needs
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Leaders and Managers The two concepts are defined differently:   Leadership is seen as an  ability  and/or an  influence relationship Management is a  process  consisting of planning, organizing, directing, and controlling Managers and leaders are commonly differentiated in terms of how they  initially take on their position.  Managers are generally appointed, while  leaders can emerge out of events Managers and leaders often differ in terms of the types and sources of the  power they exercise.   Managers commonly derive their power from the larger organization (the bureaucracy) Leaders derive power from followers’ perceptions of their knowledge, personality,  attractiveness, and working relationship Effective leadership often calls for the ability to manage
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Leaders and Managers The intermediate steps – formulating a strategy for the mission and  increasing people’s commitment toward it – tend to be performed by  either leaders or managers.  It is these overlapping functions that make  the distinction between leaders and managers blurred in actual practice.
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Leadership Concepts formal leader  is one who is recognized by those outside the group as the  official leader of the group An  informal leader  is one who is acknowledged as the leader by group  members designated leader  is one placed in the leadership position by forces outside  the group An  emergent leader  is one who becomes a group’s leader by virtue of  processes and dynamics internal to the group
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The Evolution of Leadership Theories For decades scholars have debated the question: what  makes an effective leader? 1. Trait theories 2. Behavioral theories 3. Contingency theories 4. Exchange theories 5. Change-Oriented theories 6. Substitutes for leadership
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1. Trait Theories of Leadership The most effective leaders are those with certain  traits Great man theory of leadership Some people are born with the necessary attributes to be great leaders, while  others are not Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar, Joan of Arc, Napoleon, Ghandi, and so on… Core leadership traits: Drive Self-Confidence Cognitive Ability Relevant Knowledge Creativity Dependability Persuasiveness
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2. Behavioral Theories of Leadership
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This note was uploaded on 10/14/2011 for the course WCOB 2033 taught by Professor A during the Fall '07 term at Arkansas.

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Leadership and Followers - LEADERSHIP&FOLLOWERSHIP...

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