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historyIIexam2 studyguide - Chinese Gardens Ji Cheng...

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Chinese Gardens Ji Cheng- gardener, poet, painter 1634, published “Yuan Ye” (The Craft of Gardens) highlighting elements of gardens; manual of garden design by a gardener himself Growth of different classes due to economic wealth growing middle class wanted own gardens as well. Wanted to avoid vulgarity by learning design through manual, in order to be associated with upper class Gardener must disregard ugly/offensive landscapes through the technique of “borrowed scenery” (jie jeng), incorporate the presence of a pleasant landscape-- misty mountains, flowers in a garden… Stone selection- found in mountains, rivers, lakes; possess qi: “breath” inherent energy, possessed by all phenomena, through its vibrancy Wall design- segregate space; outline courts/ corridors in garden; subdivision Windows and circular “moon gates”, vase/gourd-shaped door frame views of adjacent garden spaces Picturesque Victorian- France & England Edmund Burke
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