CP Final Study Guide

CP Final Study Guide - Topic areas for focus (this list...

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Topic areas for focus (this list provides lots of examples, but is not all-inclusive): Major historical trends and themes: Urban renewal, Great Society, New Federalism, New Partnership, ‘Third Way’ (characteristics, causes, decades), Pruitt-Igoe (superblock) Housing, advocacy and equity planning, CDCs/CLTs Future Trends and Long Term Planning Challenges: Sustainability, Expert Lay Public Assessment, Technological Change  law/policy, Other Security Issues Urban Renewal -(New Urbanism, Neo-traditional, Transit-Oriented Development(?))- -cities have been designed for cars, not people, neighborhoods don’t know each other, no sense of community neighborhood -new urbanism advocating return of traditional, walkable, neighborhood patterns -a reaction to sprawl - (1993) CNU – Congress for New Urbanism- acknowledges problems of past development and change how we currently view our cities - (1996) Diverse in use, population, made for pedestrian than transit then auto, shaped by public spaces, framed by architecture and design that celebrates local histry, climate, ecology, and building practice -principles: at the regional level, city, neighborhood, block and even to the individual structure level -through the public policy, development practice, and urban planning and design, compact development with an integrated transit system -Form based zoning= a way to encourage mixed use development, scales/densities, high in center concentration and gradually decreases out to edge, new urbanism Great Society : -Creative Federalism/Federal Activism; categorical program funding; community base President Johnson’s policies for ‘the great scociety’ and the ‘war on poverty’ embraced a positive role for the federal government. Federal Activism. Created significant transformation of federal-state-city relationships. This “creative federalism” was superseded by Nixon’s New Federalism New Federalism : -New Federalism; CDBG; state and municiple gov’t. discretion Nixon claimed New Federalism was to ‘start power and resources flowing back from Washington to the states and communities and, more important, to the people all across America. President Carter viewed this as a federal government retreat from its responsibilities leaving state and local government with insufficient resources/leadership to accomplish all that needed to be done. Wanted decreased federal involvement in state and local affairs. Block grants, supposed to replace the large numbers of categorical programs. This was a reaction against the federalist policies of the previous Democratic administration. Block grants were extended by the merging of groups of categorical grants, the best known as CDBG program. New Partnership:
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This note was uploaded on 10/14/2011 for the course ENVIRDES 574 taught by Professor Markhamin during the Spring '11 term at UMass (Amherst).

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CP Final Study Guide - Topic areas for focus (this list...

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