FINAL DRAFT GP PAPER

FINAL DRAFT GP PAPER - Running Head: DRINKING HABIT EFFECTS...

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Energy Drink, Alcohol and Alcohol Mixed Energy Drink Effects on GPA and Perceived Stress for Differing Gender and Year in School Nikolai J. Fedorchak Iowa State University Author’s Note This study was done in conjunction with peer students from Rhonda M. Bonett’s Fall 2011 Psychology 302 Class. Abstract Energy drink consumption has grown at an alarming rate over the past decade. Furthermore, energy drinks in combination with alcohol can make users feel less of the depressive side effects produced by the alcohol. Many college students are not aware of how unhealthy this combination is. The aim of this study investigated how gender and year in school differences may influence drinking habit consumption and how these factors influence perceived stress and GPA through the use of convenience sampling with a questionnaire. Analysis revealed that men and upperclasspersons were more likely to drink energy drinks, alcohol & AmEDs than women and freshpersons. Women were more likely to report stress than men, but stress was not significantly associated with GPA. Men, on average, were more likely to have lower GPAs than women overall. Freshmen were likely to have higher GPAs than sophomores, juniors and seniors. Alcohol and AmED were identified as significant predictors of GPA. As use of either substance
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2 increased, GPA decreased slightly. Together, these findings suggest that drinking habits influence GPA. Future research should focus on potential relationships between spring term university students, stress and GPA to investigate the effects of freshmen acclimation to college life. Keywords: energy drinks, AmEDs, alcohol, perceived stress, GPA, consumption Drinking Habit Effects on GPA and Perceived Stress American college students face many stressors that, with chronic exposure, can influence health-related behavior. A growing number of male and female students seeking to face these stressors turn to energy drinks as a "boost" to their overall physical or academic performance. These drinks may contain high amounts of caffeine, sugars, amino acids, vitamins and other chemicals that can influence the mental and physical states of the consumer; most notably, their short-term awareness and athletic stamina. Also, unregulated consumption of these drinks may aggrevate stress response and other health states. Students consuming alcohol-mixed energy drinks (AmEDs) may further aggrevate unhealthly behavior. A growing percentage of students every year are trying this combination. This upper-downer combination can cause users to underestimate the effects of alcohol on their system and, under certain social pressures, increase their alcoholic consumption. College students, public health officials, psychologists, and
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3 academic faculty can benefit mentally and physically from further understanding of this upper-
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This note was uploaded on 10/14/2011 for the course PSYCH 302 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Iowa State.

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FINAL DRAFT GP PAPER - Running Head: DRINKING HABIT EFFECTS...

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