Salts are formed by the reaction of the acid with a strong base

Salts are formed by the reaction of the acid with a strong base

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Salts are formed by the reaction of the acid with a strong base. Acid Salt HNO 2 NaNO 2 nitrous acid sodium nitrite HNO 3 NaNO 3 nitric acid sodium nitrate H 2 SO 3 Na 2 SO 3 sulfurous acid sodium sulfite H 2 SO 4 Na 2 SO4 sulfuric acid sodium sulfate HClO 2 NaClO 2 chlorous acid sodium chlorite HClO 3 NaClO 3 chloric acid sodium chlorate There are two other possible acid and salt combinations. Acids that have a higher oxidation state than the “ic” acid are given the prefix “per”. These acids and salts will have one more O atom than the “ic” acid.
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Unformatted text preview: Acids that have a lower oxidation state than the ous acid are given the prefix hypo. These acids and salts will have one less O atom than the ous acid. Illustrate this series of acids and salts with the Cl ternary acids and salts. Acid Na Salt HClO NaClO hypochlorous acid sodium hypochlorite HClO 2 NaClO 2 chlorous acid sodium chlorite HClO 3 NaClO 3 chloric acid sodium chlorate HClO 4 NaClO 4 perchloric acid sodium perchlorate...
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This note was uploaded on 10/14/2011 for the course CHEM 1211 taught by Professor Atwood during the Fall '07 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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