Texas Machine Politics - History of cities in the US...

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History of cities in the US 1.Mercantile Trade was the most important economic activity Ports 2.Industrial 1830s to the beginning of the 20 th century Segregation City govts developed along the model provided by states & nations: Mayor Council 3.Corporate, after WWII city govts developed along the model provided by corporations MACHINE POLITICS A. Was based on mayor council form of government B. Was dominated by lower middle class/working class elements C. Provided physical infrastructure for industry D. Probably its most important function was social control by emphasizing ethnicity over class. MUNICIPAL REFORM MOVEMENT A. WHO WERE THE MUNICIPAL REFORMERS 1. small business elite (local chamber of commerce types) 2. newly emerging professional elite 3. major corporate elites 4. WASP 5. definitely not working class, poor, or un-assimilated ethnics
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B. WHAT DID THEY WANT Simon Sterne, a reform lawyer and member of the Tilden Commission, argued in 1877 that: "The principle of universal manhood suffrage only applied to a very limited degree in municipal administration because the city was not a government but a corporative administration of property interests in which property should have the leading voice." George Browne also wrote that: "The coming of reform to be effectual, "must be deep. radical, institutional; it must change the basis of municipal governments, and convert them into their proper form and function of business corporations." In effect they wanted efficiency through 1. structural change 2. growth and expansion
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This note was uploaded on 10/15/2011 for the course POL 1321 taught by Professor Rosales during the Spring '09 term at The University of Texas at San Antonio- San Antonio.

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Texas Machine Politics - History of cities in the US...

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