Sexuality chapter 7 Spring 2011

Sexuality chapter 7 Spring 2011 - Chapter 7 Contraception...

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Chapter 7 Contraception and Abortion
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Chapter 7 Contraception: Healthiest pregnancies: spaced 3 to 5 years apart Adolescent pregnancies in U.S.: 750,000 The Pill/Combination Pill: days on and off? 21 on- 7 off
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Chapter 7 Seasonale: days on and off? 84, 7 (one period every 3 months) How does the pill work? Prevents ovulation. Role of estrogen: Estrogen levels increase which inhibits FSH production, and the message to ovulate is never sent out. Role of progestin: Progestin provides back up, keeping the cervical mucus thick.
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Level of Effectiveness: The number who turn up pregnant during the first year is the “failure rate” (or pregnancy rate). Effectiveness is 100%-(the failure rate). 2)Failure rate for typical users Side Effects: Blood clotting (often in the legs), may cause stroke. Headaches, leg or chest pain, shortness of breath. High blood pressure. (cancer) Benign liver (after 5+ years) Vaginal discharge. Nausea, weight gain, psychological effects. Do not Take Pill if you have: poor blood circulation, blood clotting problems, heart attack or coronary artery disease, liver tumors, cancer of the breast, nursing, pregnant. 35+ smokers use with caution.
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Cost of pill: $50 per month Other types of Pills: Triphasis: steady level of estrogen, in 3 phases in the level of progesterone. Reduce total hormone exposure. Progesterone only: called minipills. Only a low dose of progestin and no estrogen. Designed to avoid the estrogen related side effects of standard pills.
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Chapter 7 The Patch: (Ortho Evra) same hormones as combination birth control pills but administered transdermally, through the skin. Lasts for 7 days. Wears it 3 weeks and then one week off. The Vaginal Ring: (NuvaRing) flexible, transparent ring made of plastic and filled with hormones. Lower dose than pill. Placed inside the vagina and remains in place for 21 days. Ring free for 7 days. Stops ovulation. More effective than the pill.
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Chapter 7 Emergency Contraception: available in pill form for situations like rape and condom breaking. Most Effective within 12-24 hours, but up to 120 hours. Plan B is a product for this use Goal of Emergency Contraception: 75-89% effective. Will not kill pregnancies, just prevents fertilization.
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Depro-Provera Injections: (Noraplant) Implanon: Goes in the arm. Lasts for 3 years. Side effects: it will cause irregular bleeding or spotting.
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This note was uploaded on 10/15/2011 for the course PSY 2311 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Texas State.

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Sexuality chapter 7 Spring 2011 - Chapter 7 Contraception...

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