Thus Spoke Zarathustra 58-60 (2) - Nietszche

Thus Spoke Zarathustra 58-60 (2) - Nietszche - PENGUIN...

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Unformatted text preview: PENGUIN BOOKS Published by the Pen in Group Penguin Books U A Inc., 375 Hudson Street, New York, New York 10014, USA. Penguin Books Ltd, 27 Wrights Lane, London W8 5T2, En land Penguin Books Australia Ltd, Rin ood, Victoria, Aus ia Penguin Books Canada Lt , 1o Alcorn Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M4V 382 Penguin Books NZ.) Ltd, 182—190 Wairau Road, Auc and 10, New Zealand Penguin Books Ltd, R 'stered Offices: Hannondsworth, Mid esex, England First published in the United States of America in The Portable Nietzsche b Viking Penguin Inc. 1954 Viking Compass E ition published 1966 Reprinted 1967, 1968 (twice), 1969, 1970 (twice), 1971,19 2,1973, (twice), 1974,1975 Publis ed in Penguin Books 1978 17 19 20 18 COPYRIGHT lgsfiy Viking Penguin Inc. Copyright © Vi ‘ng Penguin Inc., 1966 All rights reserved MN 0 14 004748 4 Except in the United States of America, this book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not, by way of trade or otherwise, be lent, re-sold, hired out, or otherwise circulated without the publisher’s prior consent in any farm of binding or cover other than that in which it is published and without a similar condition including this condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser. To EDITH KAUFMANN Wenri’s etwas gibt, gewalt’ger als das Schicksal, So ists der Mat, der’s unerschimert trfigt. -‘-sz:. 58 ON THE THOUSAND AND ONE GOALS Zarathustra saw many lands and many peoples: thus he discovered the good and evil of many peoples. And Zarathustra found no greater power on earth than good and evil. If No people could live without first esteeming; but if they want, to preserve themselves, then they must not esteem the neighbor esteems. Much that was good to one people was scorn and to another: thus I found it. Much I found called evil here, and decked out with purple honors there. Never did one neighbor understand the other: ever was his soul amazed at the neighbor’s delusion and wickedness. A tablet of thegood hangs over every pe0ple. Be- hold, it is the tablet of their overcomings; behold, it isnthe voice of .theirnwillrtg..pouer. ‘ Praiseworthy is whatever seems difficult to a people; . hatever seems indispensable and difficult is called l good; and whatever liberates even out of the deepest need, the rarest, the most difiicult—that they calluhpgly. Whatever makes them rule and triumph and shine, to the awe and envy of their neighbors, that is to them the high, the first, the measure, the meaning of all thin s. Vgrfly, my brother, once you have the need and land and sky and neighbor of a peeple, you may also guess the law of their overcomings, and why they climb to their hope on this ladder. “Yen shall always be the first and excel all others: your jealous soul shall love no one, unless it be the friend”—that made the soul of the Greek quiver: thus he walked the path of his greatness. 59 “To speak the truth and to handle bow and arrow well”-—that seemed both dear and difficult to the people who gave me my name—the name which is both dear and difficult to me. "To honor father and mother and to follow their will to the root of one’s soul”—- this was the tablet of overcoming that another people hung up over them- selves and became powerful and eternal thereby. “To practice loyalty and, for the sake of loyalty, to risk honor and blood even for evil and dangerous things”-—with this teaching another people conquered themselves; and through this self-conquest they became pregnant and heavy with great hopes. Verily, men gave themselves all their good and evil. Verily. thexididryqtnlss ita,_,,,they did not, find, it. nor did it come to them as a voice from heaven. iny man placed values in things to preserve himself-ehe alone created a meaning for things,a [human meaning. Therefore he calls himself “man,” which means: the esteemer. To esteem is to create: hear this, you creators! Ens; teeming itself is of all, esteemed things the [most esti- mable treasure. Through esteeming alone is there value: and without esteeming, the nut of existence would be hollow. Hear this, you creators! Change of values—that is a change of creators. Who- ,ever must be a creator always annihilates. First, peoples were creators; and only in later times, individuals. Verily, the individual himself is still the most recent creation. Once peoples hung a tablet of the good over them- selves. Love which would rule and love which would obey have together created such tablets. The delight in the herd is more ancient than the 60 delight in the ego; and as long as the good conscience is identified with the herd, only the bad conscrence : I. sa)f/ierily, the clever ego, the loveless ego that desires its own profit in the profit of the many—that is not the origin of the herd, but its going under. Good and evil have always been created by lovers and creators. The fire of love glows in the names of all the‘vift‘uwes, and the fire of wrath. Zarathustra saw many lands and many pe0ples. No greater power did Zarathustra find on earth than the works of the lovers: “good” and “evil” are their names. Verily, a monster is the power of this praising and censuring. Tell me, who will conquer it, 0 brothers? Tell me, who will throw a yoke over the thousand necks of this beast? A thousand goals have there been so far, for there have been a thousand peoples. Only the yoke for the thousand necks is still lacking: the one goal is lacking. Humanity still has no goal. But tell mez.,,3nx-hr9t,hers. ifkuwanity lacks a goal-+15 hfénity it§elf,,,,n0t $till__lacl<ing tog? Thus spoke Zarathustra. ON LOVE OF THE NEIGHBOR You crowd around your neighbor and have fine words for it. But I say unto you: your love of the neighbor is your bad love of yourselves. You flee to your neighbor from yourselves and would like to make a virtue out of that: but I see through your “selfless- ness.” The you is older than the I; the you has been pro- nounced holy, but not yet the I : so man crowds toward his neighbor. 61 Do I recommend love of the neighbor to you? SmgonerflLshould even recommend flight from the neigh- bar and love of the farthest. Higher than love of the neighbor is love of the farthest and the future; higher yet than the love of human beings I esteem the love of things and ghosts. This ghost that runs after you, my brother, is more beautiful than you; why do you not give him your flesh and your bones? But you are afraid and run to your neighbor. You cannot endure yourselves and do not love your- selves enough: now you want to seduce your neighbor to love, and then gild yourselves with his error. Would that you could not endure all sorts of neighbors and their neighbors; then you would have to create your friend and his overflowing heart out of yourselves. You invite a witness when you want to speak well of yourselves; and when you have seduced him to think well of you, then you think well of yourselves. Not only are they liars who speak when they know better, but even more those who speak when they know nothing. And thus you speak of yourselves to others and deceive the neighbor with yourselves. Thus speaks the fool: “Association with other people corrupts one’s character—especially if one has none.” One man goes to his neighbor because he seeks him— self; another because he would lose himself. Your bad love of yourselves turns your solitude into a prison. It is those farther away who must pay for your love of your neighbor; and even if five of you are together, there is always a sixth who must die. I do not love your festivals either: I found too many actors there, and the spectators, too, often behaved like actors. I teach you not the neighbor, but the friend. The friend should be the festival of the earth to you and ...
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This note was uploaded on 10/16/2011 for the course POLITICAL 141 taught by Professor Yenor during the Spring '11 term at Boise State.

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Thus Spoke Zarathustra 58-60 (2) - Nietszche - PENGUIN...

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