Study guide 3 - Social Stratification- system in which...

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Social Stratification- system in which society ranks groups of people in some sort of hierarchy; doesn’t give equal opportunity to everyone. Stratification- within certain countries and their societies Caste system- born with trait or characteristics that places you inside a certain group or hierarchy and you can’t get out/ life long Class System- much more open than caste system, based primarily on money or material possessions, which can be acquired. It is something children are ascribed to when they are born but it can change depending on where they go in life. Social Stratification (Functional)- all positions in society must be filled some positions are more important than others the more important positions require more qualified people motivate them to take these jobs, give them more money and greater rewards Criticisms- not depending on rewards 1. Teachers because they lay the foundation for edu. But salary doesn’t reflect that 2. Not a meritocracy (doesn’t depend on merit) people with best ability put in best jobs- meritocracy Social Class- isn’t a chief class; you have some sort of influence on moving in or out. Karl Marx- determinants of social class are very simplistic. Only 2 types of people in Marx’s social class system (property was only component of Social class) Bourgeoisie- own means of production Proletariat- all you have is your ability to provide labor Max Weber- wealth, prestige, and power were his three components of social class Prestige- rank, rep, or success Power- ability to control others, even despite resistance (happens through wealth or prestige) Wealth- possess a lot of money Social Class and Inequality Patterns Social mobility- movement up or down the social class ladder. (could potentially improve ones life or you could fall farther down the class ladder) Ascribed- born into Achieved- what you can do to move up or down 2 types of mobility: Intergenerational- change that occurs between 2 generations Structural- changes in society lead people up or down the ladder *tends to be increasing but only 20 to 25% of people only move up (working to middle class usually) Consequences of Social Class Class consciousness- sense of identity based on where you fit in society False Consciousness- too many people in the bottom class “proletariat” miss identifying themselves and don’t see themselves as lower in society where they actually don’t fit. Poverty: measure, culture of, trends in, myths of, perpetuation Economic factors which affect families: 1. Technology replaces workers 2. Jobs outside of the US 3. Slumping economy Poverty measure (poverty line)- the official measure of poverty; calculated to include incomes that are less than three times a low-cost food budget
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Culture of poverty- A way of life that perpetuates poverty from one generation to the next. Assumed that values and behaviors of the poor “make them fundamentally different from other Americans, and that these factors are largely responsible for their continued long-term poverty. Trends in poverty-
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Study guide 3 - Social Stratification- system in which...

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