Exam 2 review - Chapter 5: 1. Groups- important because...

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Chapter 5: 1. Groups - important because they do influence our behavior a. Types a.i. Social Groups - (reg) interact with eachother a.i.1. Share similar values, norms, exp a.i.2. Think as selves as belonging together a.ii. Aggregate - collection of individuals that don’t think of themselves as belonging together but someone who is near or with someone just momentarily a.iii. Category - individuals who share a characteristic but they don’t interact a.iv. Pri mary Groups - personal, intimate (smaller) a.iv.1. Nature of relationship a.iv.2. Enduring, long lasting a.iv.3. Ex. Family and friends a.iv.4. Membership continues overtime a.v. Secondary Groups - tend to be larger, more impersonal a.v.1. More formal a.v.2. Ex. Classroom, audience a.v.3. Short, will have an end a.v.4. Relationship is means to an end a.vi. In-groups a.vi.1. Groups which you feel loyalty, like the other members a.vii. Out-groups a.vii.1. Antagonistic, dislike other members a.viii. Reference Groups a.viii.1. Groups used as standards to evaluate selves a.viii.2. Parents(family) act according to how family wants to see you. a.ix. Group Dynamic a.ix.1. How groups effect its members and the members effect it’s groups. a.ix.1.a. Dyad- group of only 2 members most intimate and intense, 100% participants most unstable, if 1 leaves it’s done a.ix.1.b. Triad- less intimate but more stable coalition is possible; ex. 2 against 1, etc. mediator could be there b. Stability b.i. Social Diversity - changes the way you behave b.ii. Social Mobility - being able to go from one place to another but the people you change being around really changes the way you could potentionally behave b.iii. Social Networks - “social webs” connected to people by 6 degrees I will know or we’ll be connectd somehow…social ties which link people together (networking) c. uses and functions c.i. sense of belonging, self worth c.ii. (Both in and out groups) – Dysfunction: Rivalry, conflict, discrimination 2. Leadership a. different styles and functions of each a.i. Authoritarian leader - one who gives orders a.ii. Democratic Leader - one who tries to gain a consensus
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a.iii. Laissez-faire leader - one who is highly permissive a.iv. Instrumental leader - tries to keep the group moving toward its goals a.v. Expressive leader - crack jokes, offer sympathy, or to do other things that help to lift the group’s morale. 3. Experiments a. Asch a.i. The Power of Peer Pressure: the experiment with 2 cards one with 1 lines another with 3 lines and only one of the lines on the card with 3 lines is correct. Point was to see who goes against what everyone else said when they were all answering the same and answering what you think without letting the other people influence your answer. b.
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This note was uploaded on 10/15/2011 for the course POL 201 taught by Professor Danoff during the Spring '09 term at Miami University.

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Exam 2 review - Chapter 5: 1. Groups- important because...

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