17887202 - MILITARY MEDICINE, 170, 8 :688, 2 005 Family and...

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MILITARY MEDICINE, 170, 8:688, 2005 Family and Environmental Factors of Drug Addiction among Young Recruits Guarantor: Marian Jedrzejczak, PhD Contributor: Marian Jedrzejczak, PhD Drug addiction in a family results from three factors: (1) effect of pathological families on young people's behavior, (2) easy access to drugs, and (3) influence of groups of people of the same age. In the present study, it was investigated to what extent individual factors related to family and environment affect the extent of drug addiction among recruits. The study included 559 subjects. The results proved direct interdepen- dence between the family condition and the extent of narco- mania. Drug addicts came mostly from incomplete and patho- logical families. The main family factors of drug addiction, according to the results obtained, are family atmosphere, strength of family ties, sense of family happiness, structure of authority in the family, and alcoholism. In families where there is warmth and love, children do not or rarely take drugs. Drug addicts come from families where there is ill will and hostility (p < 0.05). Drug addicts have weaker family ties than do those who do not take drugs [w^ = 0.26, p < 0.05). In families where there was contact with drugs, authority be- longed to the mother to a greater degree (54.4%) than to the father (23.6%). In 46.3% of the studied drug addicts' families, alcohol was drunk. The results of the investigations approxi- mate results of other studies conducted among young people in Poland and elsewhere in the world. Introduction A nalysis of the family environment of young people in danger J \ of drug addiction indicates several alarming signals: (1) Very often, young people stay in the company of persons whose be- havior and social norms are unacceptable. (2) Accessibility to various kinds of drugs is practically unrestricted; dealers reach younger and younger people, very often using pressure, encour- agement, or even "promotion" of goods. (3) The environment of people of the same age may bring strong pressure to bear. Parents often learn with delay, not infrequently from strangers (a physician, a teacher, or a police officer), that, as a result of the applied forms of relationships with the child and of educational errors, there have arisen conditions for the child to be in a dangerous circle and to take drugs. "Not to treat but to prevent"; such a motto should quicken the procedures toward families struggling alone with the problems related to dependencies. It should be emphasized that preven- tion should be carried out mainly through providing all attain- able forms of help to serve the process of supporting the family. In the opinion of E.N. Anerswald,' "open communication in the family,. .. good organization of family life and basing family ties on love make family members not use narcotics in a de- structive way." These problems were discussed in detail in the Institute of Pedagogics and Health Sciences, Swiftokrzyska Academy, Kielce, Po-
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17887202 - MILITARY MEDICINE, 170, 8 :688, 2 005 Family and...

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