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society-w3 - Early Islamic State and Society 9/15/08 From...

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Early Islamic State and Society 9/15/08 From Caliphate to Sultanate Muhammad died without leaving full-fledged state behind. No institutions, or economic developments.-- it was a polity. golden age when Muhammad was there: pure, pristine, no blood-shed o questionable? Or historical utopia? Ali his son-in-law and cousin, and his daughter. Unfinished business that was said only Muhammad would finish Models of succession… Orthodox Caliphate (mecca and medina): 632-661 rightly guided, Rashidun, Khalifas: o Abu Bakr- bring everyone under unification, and outlines principles of Islamic state. People did not pay taxes Umar says he will pay homage to Abu Bakr, and others followed o Umar—next Caliph, and state was more enlarged and deepend. But did not designate anyone after him, and so elders of tribes in Mecca convened and debated his successor o Uthman- third caliph. Member of cousin tribes of Muhammad’s own tribe giving privilege to his own clan members and accused of nepotism, and he was ultimately assassinated Turmoil in tribal culture
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society-w3 - Early Islamic State and Society 9/15/08 From...

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