Expansion and Encounters-w5

Expansion and Encounters-w5 - 9/22/08 Expansion of Islam...

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9/22/08 Expansion of Islam and Encounters with other Civilizations Harun al-Rashid- most important and accepted caliph (763-809) (like Aladin one thousand and one nights) Umayyad caliphate of Damascus overthrown by Abbasids revolution in 750 A Mediterranean Society- Abassiyd Empire Romans and Mid-East united under Islamic rule - emergence of commercial network from India to Spain - all encounters were a form of exchange between Christians, Jews, etc. o after destruction of second temple, Jews could be united, yet moved westward toward Spain responsa and fatwa Al-Andalus Muslims make way to Iberian peninsula - Detached from main center of Islamic empire, and developed own polity, civilization, art, etc. - Kept relation with Christian states in Europe - Cordoba became main center of this new area o Great Mosque of Cordoba- unique to Andalucian art experiment In 926- Abd al-Rahman III greatest ruler of Andalucian caliphate - declared himself caliphate - and detached himself from Abassid civilization, and there wasn’t much in
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This note was uploaded on 10/16/2011 for the course NELC 102 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at UPenn.

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Expansion and Encounters-w5 - 9/22/08 Expansion of Islam...

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