Project Management_myslides

Project Management_myslides - PM-1Part 6Project...

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Unformatted text preview: PM-1Part 6Project ManagementPM-2Typical Characteristics of a Project♦Infrequent, non-routine, often one of a kind.♦Often a long time horizon.♦Specific goal.♦Usually complex, interrelated tasks.♦Done by (often temporary) teams.Compare to: •Mass production assembly lines•Job shops, flow shopsPM-3Development of Project Management Methods: PERT and CPM♦PERT (Program Evaluation Review Technique). Developed by the U.S. Navy in the late 1950’s to control the Polaris Missile Program.♦CPM (Critical Path Method). Developed in the same time frame in industry for the planning and control of large building projects.♦The basic techniques of both methods are similar and are used to plan and control large modern projects.PM-4Three Phases of Project Management:The Planning Phase♦Set goals.♦Define project tasks/activities.•Estimates of time and cost/budgets♦Organize the project management team.•Matrix managementPM-5Matrix Management ExampleFinanceSalesEngineeringOperationsQuality AssuranceCorporateProject 1ManagerProject 2ManagerProject 3ManagerPM-6The Scheduling Phase♦Identify how the project activities relate to one another.♦Tie resources (people, money, machines) to specific activities.Tools:•PERT/CPM Networks•Gantt Charts•Cash Flow SchedulesPM-7Purpose of the Scheduling Phase♦Show relation of each activity to the others and to the whole project.♦Identify precedence relations between activities.♦Help to set realistic time and cost goals.♦Identify critical bottlenecks in the project which may delay completion. PM-8The Project Control Phase♦Monitor project performance and cost.♦If necessary, revise and change budgets and schedules.♦Shift resources around, if necessary, to meet time and cost requirements.Tools:•PERT/CPM networks identify activities that can be delayed without penalty.•Comparisons of actual costs to original budgetsPM-9Project Scheduling Example: Making LasagnaActivitiesA. Buy the mozzarella cheeseB. Sharpen the cheese slicerC. Slice the mozzarellaD. Beat 2 EggsE.Mix eggs and ricotta cheeseF.Cut up onions and mushroomsG. Cook the tomato sauceH. Boil a large quantity of waterI.Boil the lasagna noodlesJ.Drain the lasagne noodlesK. Assemble all the ingredientsL.Preheat the ovenM. Bake the lasagnaTo determine a schedule, we must determine what activities are necessary, estimate the time required for each activity and define the precedence relationships between activities. PM-10Time and Precedence ConstraintsActivitiesTime (min)Immediately PredecessorA.Buy the mozzarella cheese30-B.Sharpen the cheese slicer2-C.Slice the mozzarella5A,BD.Beat 2 Eggs2-E.Mix eggs and ricotta cheese3DF.Cut up onions and mushrooms7-G.Cook the tomato sauce25FH.Boil a large quantity of water15-I.Boil the lasagna noodles10HJ.Drain the lasagne noodles2IK.Assemble all the ingredients10C,E,G,JL.Preheat the oven15-M.Bake the lasagna30K,LPM-11...
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This note was uploaded on 10/16/2011 for the course DS 412 taught by Professor Eng during the Spring '07 term at S.F. State.

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Project Management_myslides - PM-1Part 6Project...

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