Project Management_myslides

Project Management_myslides - Part 6 Project Management...

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PM-1 Part 6 Project Management
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PM-2 Typical Characteristics of a Project Infrequent, non-routine, often one of a kind. Often a long time horizon. Specific goal. Usually complex, interrelated tasks. Done by (often temporary) teams. Compare to: Mass production assembly lines Job shops, flow shops
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PM-3 Development of Project Management Methods: PERT and CPM PERT (Program Evaluation Review Technique) . Developed by the U.S. Navy in the late 1950’s to control the Polaris Missile Program. CPM (Critical Path Method) . Developed in the same time frame in industry for the planning and control of large building projects. The basic techniques of both methods are similar and are used to plan and control large modern projects.
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PM-4 Three Phases of Project Management: The Planning Phase Set goals. Define project tasks/activities . Estimates of time and cost/budgets Organize the project management team. Matrix management
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PM-5 Matrix Management Example F i n a n c e S a l e s E n g i n e e r i n g O p e r a t i o n s Q u a l i t y A s s u r a n c e C o r p o r a t e Project 1 Manager Project 2 Manager Project 3 Manager
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PM-6 The Scheduling Phase Identify how the project activities relate to one another. Tie resources (people, money, machines) to specific activities. Tools: PERT/CPM Networks Gantt Charts Cash Flow Schedules
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PM-7 Purpose of the Scheduling Phase Show relation of each activity to the others and to the whole project. Identify precedence relations between activities. Help to set realistic time and cost goals. Identify critical bottlenecks in the project which may delay completion.
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PM-8 The Project Control Phase Monitor project performance and cost. If necessary, revise and change budgets and schedules. Shift resources around, if necessary, to meet time and cost requirements. Tools: PERT/CPM networks identify activities that can be delayed without penalty. Comparisons of actual costs to original budgets
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PM-9 Project Scheduling Example: Making Lasagna Activities A. Buy the mozzarella cheese B. Sharpen the cheese slicer C. Slice the mozzarella D. Beat 2 Eggs E. Mix eggs and ricotta cheese F. Cut up onions and mushrooms G. Cook the tomato sauce H. Boil a large quantity of water I. Boil the lasagna noodles J. Drain the lasagne noodles K. Assemble all the ingredients L. Preheat the oven M. Bake the lasagna To determine a schedule, we must determine what activities are necessary, estimate the time required for each activity and define the precedence relationships between activities.
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PM-10 Time and Precedence Constraints Activities Time (min) Immediately Predecessor A. Buy the mozzarella cheese 30 - B. Sharpen the cheese slicer 2 - C. Slice the mozzarella 5 A,B D. Beat 2 Eggs 2 - E. Mix eggs and ricotta cheese 3 D F.
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