Biology 100 – Human Biology
REVIEW SHEET FOR NEW
MATERIAL ON FINAL EXAM
Wednesday, May 20, from 8:00 - 10:30 am
Be on time
... for Part I of the exam, I
will let you discuss your answers with those sitting around you! Part I will be collected at
8:40 am; Part II of the exam will be a traditional exam on which you will work
Final Exam format:
80 multiple choice questions (approx. 60% of them on new material, approx. 40% of
them on old material from the three midterms)
Bring a Zeus form and a pencil.
What if you have questions as you are studying?
E-mail me until the night before the test.
Besides material from lecture,
know the following specific textbook pages: p. 241 (anabolic
steroids), p. 311 (secondary sex characteristics), pp. 325, 336, and 411 (cancer of the cervix,
genital warts, and HPV), pp. 330-333 (birth control options), pp. 430-431 (genetic disorders),
pp. 433-434 (polygenic and multifactorial traits), pp. 434-438 (more genetic disorders),
pp. 454-455 (pig genome, human genome project), and p. 464 (genetically engineered foods).
Know the location and functions of the parts of the male reproductive system: testis, prostate
gland, scrotum, bulbourethral glands, epididymis, urethra, vas deferens, ejaculatory duct, seminal
vesicles. Where are sperm made? Where is testosterone made? Where is the seminal fluid made?
What happens to the testes during development, usually a month or two before the baby boy is
born? Why is this important, and what would happen if this didn’t occur?
Understand parts of the seminiferous tubule: wall of the tubule, lumen, cells along the way to
becoming sperm, Sertoli cells. Understand the process of sperm production (spermatogenesis):
When does it occur? Where do the following cells fit in: spermatid, secondary spermatocyte,
primary spermatocyte, sperm, spermatogonium (stem cell)? What do Sertoli cells do? Also, know
interstitial cells: specific location, function.
Know the parts of the sperm cell and their functions: head, tail, midpiece, acrosome (acrosomal
What are the functions of testosterone? What type of macromolecule is testosterone (protein,
lipid, carbohydrate, or nucleic acid)? (From lecture and text): What are the male secondary sex
characteristics? What are anabolic steroids, how do they work to bulk up muscle cells, and what
are the side effects associated with their use?