Deconstructionism-1 - Deconstructionism Popkin and Stroll....

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1 Deconstructionism Popkin and Stroll. Philosophy Made Simple. 2 nd Edition. pp. 313-315 A further development from the ideas of Heidegger and the existentialists appears in deconstructionism , a theory presented by the Algerian-French thinker Jacques Derrida (1930-1994). The search for ultimate meaning that has been the central feature of Western philosophy since its beginning is no longer viable. From Descartes to Husserl and Heidegger, the search has become more and more centered in subjectivity, without reaching ultimate meaning or certitude. What one can now do is “deconstruct” philosophy (and literature, language, and psychology as well). Rather than arguing within a constructed philosophical world, and arguing about its components, its methods of proceedings, and its assumptions, the “deconstruction” seeks to make explicit the metaphysical suppositions and a priori assumptions that are involved in all philosophizing, whether it be the dogmatic presentation of a theory or the skeptical rejection of a philosophical claim. All philosophizing goes on verbally, in either written or oral form. There is arbitrariness in all philosophical language, plus, as the late Michel Foucault has pointed out, a historical conditioning of all concepts, as well as non- philosophical functions of them (such as using them as political signs). Deconstruction not only elicits the tacit assumptions involved in so-called “rational
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This note was uploaded on 10/15/2011 for the course POLS-Y 386 taught by Professor Hanks during the Spring '11 term at Indiana.

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Deconstructionism-1 - Deconstructionism Popkin and Stroll....

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