ChildDevelopment - Types of development that occur in...

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1 Child Development General Psychology 47.101 Types of development that occur in childhood • Physical development – Development of body structures • Motor development – Motor skills (ex: walking) • Cognitive development – Ability to think • Language development • Social development – How child perceives and deals with others Development as Orderly Progression • Fixed sequence of steps – Both physical and psychological… – Examples • Motor development (physical) – Hold up head, roll over, crawl, sit, stand, walk • Cognitive development (psychological) – Language: coo, babbles, first word, two word, and so on… • What contributes to orderly process? – Maturation (nature) • Genetically programmed – Practice (nurture) • Experience Physical Development • Human infant relatively helpless at birth – Brain is far from mature • Size only (only 23% of cranial capacity at birth) • # of neural connections very sparse • Physical growth – Spurts… – Nature versus nurture… Motor Development •Reflexes •Rooting reflex : touch cheek, turn towards sensation and open mouth •Grasping reflex : objects touch palm, child closes hand and grasps • But for most motor skills, maturation is critical Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development • 4 Stages – Sensory Motor (0-2yrs) – Pre-operational (2- 7yrs) – Concrete operations (7-11 yrs) – Formal Operations (11+ yrs)
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ChildDevelopment - Types of development that occur in...

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