Unformatted text preview: USP 124: Land Use Planning
Instructor: Dr. Mirle Rabinowitz Bussell
E-mail: [email protected]
Office Hours (SSB 344): Tuesdays 11:30 a.m. – 1:30 p.m.
Neil Narang, Doctoral Student, Department of Political Science
E-mail: [email protected]
Office Hours (SSB 330): Tuesdays 8:30 – 9:30 a.m. or by appointment
Lissa Ziegler, Doctoral Student, Department of Political Science
E-mail: [email protected]
Office Hours (SSB 445): Thursdays 1:00 – 2:00 or by appointment Course Description
The physical environment impacts our lives in areas such as the environment, transportation,
infrastructure systems, and public health. The purpose of this course is to explore the ways in which our
physical environment is shaped through land use planning. Land use planning is one of the most
important components of the larger urban planning process. As Fulton and Shigley tell us, land use
planning “is the process by which our society decides what gets built where” (2005, 7). This course will
survey the common tools used by planners and policy makers in the land use planning arena. We will
also explore the ways that public policies influence our uses of land. In addition to considering the
historical precedents of U.S. land use policy, we will devote attention to some of the more recent
responses including smart growth and New Urbanism. We will also consider areas of unique challenges
such as sustainability, post-disaster planning and mitigation, and aging infrastructure. Primary
consideration will be given to land use planning as it is practiced in the United States with attention,
when appropriate, on land use issues affecting the state of California and the San Diego region.
The class will primarily consist of lectures. On several occasions we will have guest speakers discuss
current land use issues in the San Diego region. Reading assignments must be completed by the date
indicated on the syllabus since lectures will incorporate and build upon the reading materials. Class
discussion is also encouraged. Weekly study guides will be posted to the class website. The website is
located on WebCT at webct.ucsd.edu.
Course Texts and Readings
Babbitt, B. (2005). Cities in the Wilderness: A New Vision of Land Use in America. Washington, D.C.:
Island Press. Also available on Ebrary at:
Fulton, W., and P. Shigley. (2005). Guide to California Planning. (3rd ed.). Point Arena, CA: Solano
Lang, R., and J. LeFurgy. (2007). Boomburbs: The Rise of America’s Accidental Cities. Washington,
D.C.: Brookings Institution.
A reader is available from University Readers, Inc. Readers must be purchased online at the following
website: http://www.universityreaders.com/students. Recommended Texts:
Lipson, C. (2006). Cite Right. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.
Strunk, W., Jr. and E.B. White. (2000). The Elements of Style (4th ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Turabian, K. L. et al. (2007). A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (7th ed.).
Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.
Course Requirements and Grading
Students enrolled in the class are expected to do all of the readings. Periodically in class we will have
small group discussions based on the readings. Even though this is a relatively large class, class
participation is encouraged.
Plagiarism is against university policy and will be dealt with severely. Please read The University Policy
on Integrity of Research on page 3 of this syllabus.
Assignments must be submitted by the due date as noted on this syllabus. Late assignments will be
marked down five points for each day they are late up to a maximum twenty point deduction. All
assignments must adhere to the following:
Typewritten in 12 point font;
Double-spaced and paginated;
Contain proper grammar, syntax, and spelling;
References should be cited using the style guidelines set forth in the Chicago Manual of
Style, 15th edition (a guide is available at: http://library.osu.edu/sites/guides/chicagogd.php)
or Turabian et al. (2007);
Illustrations and images should be numbered (Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.) and properly cited.
Directions for Submitting Assignments
All assignments must be submitted in two formats: a printed hard copy turned in at class and
an electronic copy. Both copies must be submitted by the due date. Electronic copies of the
assignments must be uploaded to the course website by 3:00 p.m. of the due date. The course
website is hosted by WebCT at webct.ucsd.edu. Important: When you submit your
assignment in class on the due date, you must also sign your name on the class roster at the
front of the class to accurately indicate that the assignment was submitted in class and on
The course grade will be based on the following assignments:
1. Urban Planning Meeting Evaluation
Due October 15 30 points 2. Midterm Exam
Due October 29 60 points 3. Planning Document Critique and Evaluation
Due November 24 80 points 4. Final Comprehensive Exam
Thursday, December 10 100 points
8:00 – 11:00 a.m. Final course grades will be calculated based on a curve.
2 University Policy on Integrity of Research
The University of California “Policy on Integrity of Research” aims to encourage and maintain the
highest ethical standards in research. The policy reaffirms the University’s commitment to integrity in
Integrity of scholarship is essential for an academic community. The University expects that both
faculty and students will honor this principle and in so doing protect the validity of University
intellectual work. For students, this means that all academic work will be done by the individual to
whom it is assigned, without unauthorized aid of any kind. Instructors, for their part, will exercise
care in planning and supervising academic work, so that honest effort will be upheld. (http://wwwsenate.ucsd.edu/manual/appendices/app2.htm)
Please uphold these standards. Be especially careful not to plagiarize. Plagiarism is defined in the
Merriam-Webster's dictionary as follows: “to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one’s
own: use (another’s production) without crediting the source; intransitive senses: to commit literary
theft: present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source.” Please note that it
is also against university policy to submit the same paper for credit in more than one course. The
University policy is available online at: http://www-senate.ucsd.edu/manual/appendices/app2.htm. You
should also familiarize with the materials available on the website for UCSD’s Academic Integrity
How Not to Plagiarize
Following are some sites that discuss the wrongdoing of plagiarism and tell you how to avoid it.
Useful Sources on Land Use Issues
I encourage you to look at these websites for additional information on land use and planning issues:
www.planetizen.org (Listserv with twice weekly postings of current planning issues)
www.planning.org (Website for the national organization for professional planners - the American
(Website for the California Chapter of the APA)
(Website for the San Diego Chapter of the APA)
www.plannersnetwork.com (An interesting source on progressive planning)
(UC Berkeley’s planning library: study guides are organized by topic, including land use)
www.ceres.ca.gov/planning/ (Site for the Land Use Planning Information Network which has
useful material on land use in California
(League of California Cities with links to all city websites in the state)
(Useful for profiles and census data on communities in San Diego County)
(The Urban Land Institute)
www.cyburbia.org (General planning website) The Urban Studies and Planning Major at UCSD
UCSD offers both a major and minor degree in Urban Studies and Planning. The Urban Studies and
Planning Program is an interdisciplinary social science undergraduate major that provides students with
a variety of approaches and tools to understand the development, character, and culture of cities and
communities. To learn more about the major, visit the program’s website at: www.usp.ucsd.edu.
3 COURSE OUTLINE & REQUIRED READING
Readings with an “*” are in the course reader.
(9/29 & 10/1) Week 2:
(10/6 & 10/8) Land Use Planning History
Fulton & Shigley, Chapters 1-3.
Lang & LeFurgy, Introduction and Chapters 1-2.
*Silver, Christopher. (1997). The Racial Origins of Zoning in American Cities. In J.M.
Thomas and M. Ritzdorf (Eds.), Urban Planning and the African American
Community (pp. 23-42). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. The Planning Process
*Curtin, D.J., Jr., and C.T. Talbert. (2009). Curtin’s California Land Use and
Planning Law. (29th ed.). Point Arena, CA: Solano Press Books. Chapter 2.
Fulton & Shigley, Chapters 4-8.
*Neuman, M. (1998). Does Planning Need the Plan? Journal of the American Planning
What is Planning? A Guide to Planning in the City of San Diego. Available at:
http://www.sandiego.gov/planning/pdf/whatis.pdf. Week 3: Land Use, Equity, and the Environment
(10/13 & 10/15) *Curtin & Talbert (28 ed.), Chapter 6.
*Berke, P., and M. Marta Conroy. (1998). Are We Planning for Sustainable
Development: An Evaluation of 30 Comprehensive Plans. Journal of the American
Planning Association. 66(1):21-33.
Fulton & Shigley, Chapters 9, 22-24.
Lang & LeFurgy, Chapters 3-4.
*Ritzdorf, Marsha. (1994). A Feminist Analysis of Gender and Residential Zoning in the
United States. In I. Altman and A. Churchman (Eds.), Women and the Environment
(pp. 255-279). New York: Plenum Press.
Assignment: Urban Planning Meeting Evaluation due October 15. Week 4: Regulating Land Uses
(10/20 & 10/22)* Curtin & Talbert (28 ed.), Chapter 15.
Fulton & Shigley, Chapters 10-13.
Lang & LeFurgy, Chapters 5-8. Week 5: Infrastructure & Land Use
(10/27 & 10/29) Dowall, D. (2000). California’s Infrastructure Policy for the 21 Century: Issues and
Opportunities. San Francisco, CA: Public Policy Institute of California. Available at
the following link: http://www.ppic.org/content/pubs/report/R_600DDR.pdf.
Fulton & Shigley, Chapters 19-21.
Midterm Exam on October 29 4 Week 6:
(11/3 & 11/5) Land Use, Housing, and Redevelopment
Babbitt, Prologue and Chapters 1-2.
Fulton & Shigley, Chapters 14-16.
*Porter, D. (2004). The Promise and Practice of Inclusionary Housing. In A. Downs
(Ed.), Growth Management and Affordable Housing (pp.212-263). Washington, D.C.:
Brookings Institution Press. Week 7: Land Use Planning, Disasters, and Crime Prevention
(11/10 & 11/12) *Marcuse, P. (2006). Rebuilding a Tortured Past or Creating a Model Future: The Limits
and Potentials of Planning. In. C. Hartman and G. Squires (Eds.), There is No Such
Thing as a Natural Disaster (pp. 271-290). NY: Routledge.
*Newman, O. (1995). Defensible Space: A New Physical Tool for Urban Revitalization.
Journal of the American Planning Association. 61(2):149-155.
Topping, K.C. (2008). Rebuilding the Golden State: Toward a Catastrophic Disaster
Recovery Strategy for California. Cal Planner. Online at:
*Zelinka, A & D. Brennan. (2001). SafeScape: Creating Safer, More Livable
Communities Through Planning and Design. Chicago: Planners Press. Chapter 2.
Guest Speaker (11/12): Phillip VanSaun, Continuity and Emergency Services, UCSD. Week 8: Public Health, Food Systems, & and the Land Use Connection (11/17 & 11/19) *American Planning Association. (n.d.). Food System Planning White Paper. Babbitt, Chapters 3-4.
*Corburn, J. (2005). Confronting the Challenges in Reconnecting Urban Planning and
Public Health. American Journal of Public Health. 94(4):541-546.
*Day, C. (2006). Active Living and Social Justice: Planning for Physical Activity in
Low-income, Black, and Latino Communities. Journal of the American Planning
Association. 72(1): 88-99.
*Sloan, D. 2006. From Congestion to Sprawl: Planning and Health in Historical Context.
Journal of the American Planning Association. 72(1): 10-18.
Guest Speaker (11/17): Coleen Clementson, Principal Regional Planner, SANDAG. Week 9:
(11/24) New Models & Alternatives to Sprawl
Babbitt, Chapter 5 and Epilogue.
Fulton & Shigley, Chapter 17.
*Grant. J. (2005). Planning the Good Community. New York: Routledge, Chapters 8-9.
Assignment: Planning Document Critique and Evaluation due November 24. Week 10:
(12/1 & 12/3) The Future of Land Use Policy and Planning
*Beauregard, R. (2009). Urban Population Loss in Historical Perspective: United
States, 1820-2000. Environment and Planning A. 41(3):514-528.
Fulton & Shigley, Chapter 25.
*Greco, J. (2009). Mall Makeovers. Planning. Final Exam: Thursday, December 10 8:00 – 11:00 a.m.
5 COURSE ASSIGNMENTS
Assignments will be evaluated on the following criteria:
1) Presentation: grammar, syntax, spelling, composition
2) Form: structure and format
3) Content: quality of research, depth of analysis, coverage of the topic, adherence to assignment
4) Relevance: applicability and relevance to course topic
5) Timeliness: late papers will be marked down five points for each day they are late up to a
maximum twenty point deduction.
Following are several useful websites for grammar and English language usage:
Assignment 1: City Planning Meeting Evaluation (Due October 15)
For this assignment you must attend the city planning meeting of your choice and prepare a 3-5-page
summary and evaluation of the meeting. The San Diego region is comprised of many jurisdictions that
hold regular public meetings to address issues pertaining to planning and land use. For smaller
communities, land use and planning issues are typically discussed at city council meetings. For large
cities like San Diego, planning and land use issues are discussed at the city of San Diego Planning
Commission meetings and the City Council’s Land Use and Housing Committee. In addition, within the
larger city of San Diego, individual communities also have their own local Community Planning Groups
that hold regular meetings. The downtown redevelopment agency, Centre City Development
Corporation (CCDC) also holds regular meetings, as does the county of San Diego Department of
Planning and Land Use. The San Diego Association of Governments (SANDAG) addresses regional
planning and transportation issues.
In order to identify the meeting you would like to attend, I suggest that you surf the web and look at the
websites for various cities and communities in the region. When you select your meeting, consider
whether or not you are more interested in local, neighborhood-based land use issues or larger citywide,
perhaps even countywide, issues. Make sure to attend a meeting that devotes a considerable amount of
attention to planning and land use issues. If you are interested in attending the meeting of a community
planning group in a city of San Diego community, you can access information about the meetings via
the city of San Diego website (see link below). Sometimes the agendas are posted in advance of the
meetings. I encourage you to call a few days in advance of the meeting to make sure that it has not been
cancelled Check the city calendars as soon as possible so that you do not miss the meeting you are
most interested in attending.
Below are some suggested websites with information about local public planning meetings:
City of San Diego: www.sandiego.gov/planning/index.shtml
City of San Diego Community Planning Groups:
Centre City Development Corporation: www.ccdc.com
County of San Diego Dept. of Planning and Land Use: http://www.sdcounty.ca.gov/dplu/index.html
City of Encinitas: www.ci.encinitas.ca.us
City of Escondido: www.ci.escondido.ca.us
City of Chula Vista: www.ci.chula-vista.ca.us
6 City of La Mesa: http://www.ci.la-mesa.ca.us
City of El Cajon: www.el-cajon.ca.us
City of Oceanside: www.ci.oceanside.ca.us
City of Carlsbad: www.ci.carlsbad.ca.us
City of Solana Beach: www.ci.solana-beach.ca.us
When you attend the meeting you will need to closely observe and record the events that transpire.
Based on these observations, you are required to write a 3-5 page well-organized summary and
evaluation of the meeting. I have assembled a guide to assist you in the preparation of this assignment.
You must include the following information in your paper:
1) Logistics: Name of meeting attended, date and time, location, how long it lasted. (3 points max)
2) Participants: Who was there? (You don’t need to list all the names, but just give approximate
counts of committee members, community members, and other parties present). Who were the
committee members? Was there a large public turnout? Do your best to identify the
demographic characteristics of those in attendance (i.e. race, gender, age). (3 points max)
3) Topics Discussed: You do not have to provide a detailed description of all the items on the
agenda; rather, you should summarize the key types of issues that were addressed, the number of
issues on the agenda, and then provide more detail on those issues that you found to be most
interesting and relevant to the class. (10 points max)
4) Personal Evaluation: This is the heart of your paper. Consider the following (and any other
questions you deem germane to the assignment): What did you learn about the issues that were
discussed? What did you learn about the planning process? Was the meeting run well? Was
public comment encouraged? Were any controversial items on the agenda? If so, how were they
handled? Was decisive action taken on agenda items? Was the meeting easy to follow? Were
there any unexplained issues and/or a lot of jargon and legalese? Incorporate specific examples
to substantiate your evaluation. You may also incorporate lecture and reading materials into your
analysis. (12 points max + 2 points max for overall organization of the paper)
You may also attach supporting documents such as the meeting agenda or other materials that were
distributed that are relevant to your evaluation. Only include these if you specifically refer to them in
your paper. These only need to be included with the hard copy of the assignment submitted in class. Assignment 2: Planning Document Critique and Evaluation (Due November 24)
This assignment is designed to introduce you to the tools commonly used for evaluating a city’s general
plan. Begin the assignment by selecting a general plan or community plan that has been adopted by a
local jurisdiction in the state of California. Most plans are now available electronically on each
individual jurisdiction’s website, but if you cannot find the plan you are looking for, contact the relevant
city or county planning department to inquire about obtaining a copy.
After you select your plan, you will need to read and evaluate it. In Curtin and Talbert’s Curtin’s
California Land Use and Planning Law, the authors provide a checklist for evaluating the adequacy of a
general plan. These guidelines can be applied to any planning document. Use this checklist (Chapter 2
from Curtin and Talbert in the course reader) as the guide for evaluating the plan you selected. 7 Below is a list of the 13 points to address in your evaluation. You must address all of these items in
order to receive full credit on your paper. The selection in the reader explains them in more detail:
Is the plan complete?
Is it informational, readable, and available to the public?
Is it internally consistent?
Is it consistent with state policy?
Does it cover all the territory within its boundaries?
Does it have a long-term perspective?
Does it address all locally relevant issues?
Is it current?
Does it contain the statutory criteria required by state law as interpreted by the courts?
Are the diagrams or maps adequate?
Does it serve as a yardstick?
Does it contain an action plan or implementation plan?
Was it adopted correctly?
After you read the document, prepare an 8-10 page critical review of the plan including the following:
Include a clear introduction describing the plan you selected, some general history
and background of the plan, a brief history of the jurisdiction for which the plan was
prepared, and a research hypothesis.
Structure the paper around a central research hypothesis/statement. For example, if
you decide to review the city of San Marcos’s general plan, you might conclude that
it is an exemplary model for other cities to follow for specific reasons. You would
then state this in your introduction and then use it is a central theme as you conduct
Make sure to include both an introduction and conclusion.
Provide a general summary of the plan including all of the elements. Present an
evaluation of the plan’s overall strengths and weaknesses.
Address all thirteen points from Curtin and Talbert’s checklist. Importantly, use
specific examples to illustrate your key points. If you believe that the plan is
internally consistent, provide a specific example to support your contention. You will
be awarded points based on how thoroughly you respond to all thirteen checklist
If you would like to reference course readings to enhance your analysis, this is fine as
long as you cite your sources. Likewise, in analyzing the document you may wish to
contact practicing planners who are familiar with your plan. Feel free to interview
them and incorporate their comments into your evaluation. Make sure that these
comments are adequately cited.
The evaluation must be well-organized and presented in a narrative format.
For a paper of this length, it is advisable to divide the paper into sections identified by
headings (e.g. Introduction, Consistency, Conclusion, etc.). However, there must be
continuity between the sections. Do not just address each of the thirteen points in a
checklist fashion. Remember that this should read as a fluid and cohesive document.
Please be sure to discuss the entire plan. You will only receive partial credit if you focus on one or
two specific elements. If the plan contains one or two elements that are of particular interest to you, it is
fine to discuss these in more depth. However, you may not do this at the exclusion of the other items on
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- Fall '09
- San Diego, FULTON, Land use planning