soc101_crime-deviance_0414-041910

soc101_crime-deviance_0414-041910 - Soc 101: Introduction...

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Soc 101: Introduction to Sociology Wednesday April 14 and Monday April 19, 2010
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I. What is Deviance A. Deviant behavior is behavior that violates the norms that apply in a given situation. 1. Two different views of deviance exist: a. Absolutist view of deviance b. Culturally relative view of deviance. i. Symbolic interactionists believe that deviance is socially constructed or culturally relative. 2. Where do these behavioral norms come from? a. “Local” and group norms. b. Subcultural norms are norms that apply to large numbers of individuals who share a given characteristic. c. Societal norms are the broad norms that are widely adhered to in a given society.
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A. Anomie theory (Robert Merton) 1. Robert Merton argues that anomie is a discrepancy between socially engendered goals and the availability of legitimate means to achieve those goals. a. Legitimate means refers to the socially acceptable pathways for reaching a social acceptable goal. b. See chart of Merton’s typology. c. Merton’s typology emphasizes the different adaptations that people may make to the socially structured contradiction between cultural goals and means of attaining goals. d. Strengths of anomie theory It takes blame off of individual for deviant behavior, and recognizes that unfair distribution of resources is associated with deviant behavior.
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This note was uploaded on 10/16/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 101 taught by Professor Clarke during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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soc101_crime-deviance_0414-041910 - Soc 101: Introduction...

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