soc101_methods_0201-020310

soc101_methods_0201-020310 - HowDoWeStudyPeople?...

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How Do We Study People?  Research Methods Soc 101: Intro Sociology Monday February 1 & Wednesday February 3, 2010
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Research Methods I. Goals of social research A. Describe reality B. Identify correlations between two or more behaviors or characteristics C. Test causal hypotheses D. Develop and test theories
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Research Methods  II. Components of research A. Hypothesis B. Variables 1. Independent variable (X) 2. Dependent variable (Y) 3. Extraneous or “third” variable (Z)
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Do violent video games lead to violent  behavior? X (independent variable) Frequency of playing with violent video games Y (dependent variable) Frequency of fights with classmates Z (extraneous variable) Number of friends Parental discipline Parental mental health Frequency of parent-child communication Is relationship between X and Y…correlational? Or causal? Or spurious?
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III. Evaluating Research A. Internal validity 1. The extent to which changes in the DV are attributable to changes in the IV. B. External Validity:
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This note was uploaded on 10/16/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 101 taught by Professor Clarke during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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soc101_methods_0201-020310 - HowDoWeStudyPeople?...

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