soc101_race_0308-031010

soc101_race_0308-031010 - Soc 101 Introduction to Sociology...

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Soc 101: Introduction to Sociology Race & Intergroup Relations Monday March 8 & Wednesday March 10, 2010
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What is Race? Race: a group treated as distinct on the basis of social characteristics, some biological, that have been assigned importance in society. Is ‘socially constructed’ Ethnicity: sense of community derived from shared cultural heritage Situational ethnicity Symbolic ethnicity Racial/ethnic identity: self-identified background “Formal” measures of race: U.S. Census
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What is “white”?
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Differential Treatment by Race/Ethnicity Prejudice: Attitudinal. Evaluation of a social group that involves both prejudgment and misjudgment. Discrimination: Behavioral. Overt negative and unequal treatment of members of some social group solely because of their membership in that group. Attitudes and behaviors don’t always match LaPiere (1934) study of Chinese Discriminatory behavior shaped by social context.
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Racism Perception AND treatment of a racial or ethnic group as intellectually, socially, or culturally inferior. Overt racism: Has declined over time. Symbolic racism: Opposition to programs and practices that would increase well-being of minority groups. Ambivalence between egalitarianism and deep-seated racist tendencies. Aversive racism: Subtle, avoidance. Institutional racism: May not be racist in intent. Laws, customs and practices that reflect and reproduce inequalities.
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