soc101-educstrat_0301-030310

soc101-educstrat_0301-030310 - Soc 101: Introduction to...

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Monday March 1 and Wednesday March 3, 2010 Education (cont’d) Social Stratification/Inequality Soc 101: Introduction to Sociology
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Education Key question: Is education the “great equalizer” that minimizes social inequalities? Or are social inequalities perpetuated by the educational system?
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Education: Strategy for Minimizing Inequality A. Historical perspectives 1. Compulsory schooling (late 19 th c.) 2. Early philosophies (e.g., Horace Mann) B. 20 th -21 st c. educational trends 1. Overall patterns 2. Race/ethnic differences 3. Gender differences
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Proportion of Americans age 25+ with degree, 1940-2000 4.6 24.5 6.2 34.3 7.7 41.1 10.7 52.3 16.2 66.5 20.3 75.2 24.4 80.4 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 H.S. degree College degree Source: U.S. Census Data
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Proportion of Americans age 25+ with H.S. diploma, by gender, 1940-2000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Men Women Source: U.S. Census Data
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Proportion of Americans age 25+ with college degree, by gender, 1940-2000 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Men Women Source: U.S. Census Data
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Proportion of Americans age 25+ with H.S. diploma, by race/ethnicity, 1940-2000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 White Black Latino Source: U.S. Census Data
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Proportion of Americans age 25+ with college degree, by race/ethnicity, 1940-2000 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 White Black Latino Source: U.S. Census Data
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Among Persons Who Go To College…What Type of College Do They Attend? (2000 ) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 White Asian Black Native American Latino/a 2-Year College 4-Year College Source: U.S. Census Data
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Inequality C. Theoretical perspectives: functionalism 1. Socialization 2. Formal instruction 3. Cultural transmission 4. Social control 5. Latent functions?? D. Education as means to social mobility? 1. Education ---> higher income, better jobs
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soc101-educstrat_0301-030310 - Soc 101: Introduction to...

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