F11 Lecture 2 – History, terminology

F11 Lecture 2 – History, terminology - Better...

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2 – History, Terminology, Neurons September 8, 2011
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Today A bit of history General intro Terminology A bit about neurons Brain development
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Ancient views Trephination – not uncommon
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Where does behavior originate? Cardiac hypothesis Brain hypothesis Hippocrates Galen - humors
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Behavior/Action Level Observable to outsider & insider: e.g. walking, playing piano, crying, talking Observable to insider only: e.g. solving a differential equation, deciding to have a latte Functional levels Physiological/chemical processes within and between cells: cell-type specific (e.g. action potential propagation) and general (e.g. endocytosis/exocytosis, apoptosis, osmosis) Physical/chemical principles : ionic forces, oxidation/reduction Structural levels Macroscopic : anatomical structures, lobes, fiber tracts Microscopic (histological, cytological): Layers, cell types e.g. neurons, astrocytes. Chemical structure: e.g. membrane composition, protein structures Levels of analysis
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Unformatted text preview: Better anatomical knowledge • Vesalius • Willis But… where’s the mind? • Descartes: Dualism – Problems with causality – how does the mind cause the body to move? Localization of Function: Phrenology • Franz Joseph Gall (1758-1828) • Johann Casper Spurzheim Phrenology • ? Localization of function: Broca & Wernicke Equipotentiality • Pierre Flourens John Hughlings-Jackson • Hierarchy of organization Alexander Romanovich Luria • The synthesis of localization of function with equipotentiality (inferior) (superior) (caudal) (rostral) (rostral) (caudal) Terminology directions • Dorsum = back dorsal • Venter = stomach ventral • Cauda = tail caudal • Rostrum = snout/beak rostral • Anterior = in front • Posterior = behind • Superior = above/upper • Inferior = below/lower • Lateral = to the side • Medial = to the middle • Planes of section • Views...
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This note was uploaded on 10/16/2011 for the course PSYCHLOGY 310 taught by Professor Meyhew during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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F11 Lecture 2 – History, terminology - Better...

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