humanpopulation2

Humanpopulation2 - HumanPopulation Crisis, Lecture6 PART2 DevelopingNations (e.g.engineers ,iron Lackoftimed

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Human Population: Crisis, Challenge or Opportunity? Lecture 6 –  PART 2
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Demographic Transition and Developing Nations Challenges to industrialization in developing world § Lack highly trained professional (e.g. engineers) § Lack of industrialization’s raw materials – coal, iron § Lack of time – development takes decades, populations growing  too quickly § Lack of financial resources If not industrialization, what will arrest population growth?
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HIV/AIDS 30 million people have died 45 million people infected Significant problem in many  developing countries Subsaharan Africa hardest hit Adult infection rates as high as 26% Significant impact on life expectancy  and economy
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Controlling Population Growth Socioeconomic conditions and fertility Women’s fertility decreases with § increased education § increased employment opportunities § later marriage § increased economic and political stability Development programs which focus on these goals have had  decreased fertility and population growth Important component of sustainable development plans
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Controlling Population Growth Contraception and Family Planning Birth Control  used if made available (with education) latex condoms can prevent spread of HIV/AIDS Government Programs – Disincentives - China’s one child policy Incentives – European countries paying couples  to have children
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This note was uploaded on 10/16/2011 for the course GEOGRAPHY 211 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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Humanpopulation2 - HumanPopulation Crisis, Lecture6 PART2 DevelopingNations (e.g.engineers ,iron Lackoftimed

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