wildlife part1 - achieve economic and political goals 1...

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Wildlife, Biodiversity, and Environmental Management
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a “single story” of African conservation: pristine, untouched landscapes & wildlife .... ...are under threat from humans... ...so we need “ Fortress Conservation ” - exclusion-based
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breaking down the story... 1. UNTOUCHED WILDERNESS many spaces of 'wilderness' were created during colonial rule example: Selous Game Reserve in TZ
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example: Selous Game Reserve brief history of Tanzania, Selous area: German rule 1885 – World War I time of human and animal disease epidemics 1905 Maji Maji rebellion in southwestern TZ, Germans in retribution prevented farmers from cultivating the following year, caused famine. British rule 1919 – 1961 colonial vision of rule and development: population that can be governed + economic gain
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example: Selous Game Reserve
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Unformatted text preview: achieve economic and political goals: 1) elephant control – actively pushed elephants west, Indirectly forced people to move east by: - not providing protection for cropland- when African farmers defended their crops from elephants, the British took their muzzleloaders away and made hunting illegal example: Selous Game Reserve Britain used “conservation” mechanisms to achieve economic and political goals: 2) sleeping sickness concentrations – Forced relocation, supposedly to stop outbreaks of sleeping sickness, caused by tsetse fly. Directly forced people out of the reserve. “untouched wilderness”? • many 'uninhabited' wildernesses in Africa have history of human habitation and/or use, and violent history of dispossession of that land...
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