Criminology Feb 23 2010

Criminology Feb 23 2010 - February 23, 2010 Criminology...

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February 23, 2010 Criminology Major Principles of Biological Theories: - The brain is the organ of the mind and the locus of personality - The basic determinants of human behavior are constitutionally or genetically based - Observed gender and racial differences in rates and types of criminality may be at least partially the result of biological differences - The basic determinants of human behavior may be inherited - Some human beings may be further along the evolutionary ladder than others as reflected in their behavior - One must consider the interplay among heredity, biology, and the social environment Phrenology: - Franz Joseph Gall (1758-1828) - Lumps on the human skull - Johann Spurzheim brought this to the United States Theory in Perspective: - Early Positivism o Built on evolutionary principles o 1 st to apply scientific techniques o Criminals were evolutionary throwbacks - Issues with Positivism: o The scientist doesn’t affect the subject o The subject doesn’t affect the scientist -
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Criminology Feb 23 2010 - February 23, 2010 Criminology...

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