01.Chapter05 - 第5章...

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Unformatted text preview: 第5章 如何写出令人感兴趣、有说服力的 教育和科研经历 任何一篇自传,无论在选材和结构上有多大的不同,都少不了一个关键部分——受 教育经历以及相关的科研背景。写这一部分的目的是要进一步展示您对要选专业方向的 兴趣、实力、经历以及潜力。在两个个性同样吸引人的候选人中,招生委员会会选择那 个从基础知识、学习能力到科研基础扎实牢固的候选人。从这个角度来说,详尽地介绍 自己的 Education、Research and Work Experience 就尤为重要。在本章中,我们将就申请 人常常遇到的一些问题进行讨论,并提出相关的建议。 5.1 我该谈中学时代的学习经历吗 一般说来,如果您在大学、研究生或工作期间的经历足够的丰富、辉煌,那么远在至 少 4 年以前的经历没有必要被包括在申请研究生院的自传中。如果您是省、市、县的高 考状元,这些经历的确是您人生中光辉的篇章,谈谈这些内容也是可以的。这纯属个人 选择,但千万不要给招生委员会您陶醉于陈年往事的印象。否则,他们会怀疑您近期的 成就。 以下这段例子中的申请人,因为中学阶段成绩优秀,就谈到了这段经历: 范例 1 My consistent diligence has always ensured me top places in my class. I was ranked No.1 in my junior high school for three consecutive years. After being admitted to XXX High School, the best high school in GGG province, I steadily remained in the top 10 list among the 300 students. Following my passion, in 1997, majoring in Architecture, I entered the College of Architecture and Civil Engineering of VVV University, the best Department of one of China’s 第 1 部分 自 传 most prestigious universities. If I had not proved my competency by winning scholarships every academic year and maintaining a No.2 status in architectural design and English courses, I would not have gained the privilege to attend 1999’s UUU conference in Beijing as one of the limited student representatives. I also would not have been selected as one of the only two Chinese students participating in 2002’s Workshops of Planning and Urban Design held in PPP city. 以 下这位申请人仅仅是大学的经历就已经足够辉煌的了,他就省去了中学时代的 经历。 范例 2 I became attracted to the part Internet plays in Organizational Communication after joining a research group led by a prominent professor of PPP University to study the interrelationship between the Internet and Organizational Communication. It is amazing to observe the fundamental role that telephones, fax machines, and computer networks play in an organizations’ management, cooperation, coordination, decision making processes, both internally and externally. Inspired by our research and determined to study more on this aspect, I selected Internet News as my minor during my sophomore year. Studying in this program offered me more opportunities to look at the relationships between people’s adoption of the latest networking technology and changes in perception to economic and social development in the society. Further, I studied the effect that advanced networking technology has on organizations’ cultures. I spent many hours reading in the library and discussing current issues with my advisor. The harder I worked, the more interested I become in this area. In the end, I graduated from the Internet News program ranked first in my class, the first class in China that studies Internet as a mass media. Studying in China’s best communication program was a privilege and I devoted every minute to taking full advantage of the dynamic academic and research environment in BBB University. For me, maintaining an excellent academic standing is a prerequisite to engaging extra research and social activities. Therefore, I worked diligently to make sure I did not miss any opportunities. My hard work paid off. I not only won the No.1 place in my Department for ·83· 成功留学文书写作必备 three consecutive years since I entered college but also got elected as the 23rd President of BBB’s Student Union. Among the numerous awards I have won are the University Top Scholarships, the University Excellent Student Award, EEE City Outstanding Student, and EEE City Excellent Leader Honor. As the Student Union President, I organized many successful activities including the Annual Arts and Culture Festival in BBB University. As a committee member in the 8th EEE City University Students Movie Festival, I got chance to interview China’s first-rate movies directors including FFF and OOO. From them, I received many insightful opinions. 5.2 我需要列出自己选过的课程以及 所得的分数吗 写自传的一大难题就是必须在有限的篇幅里包含尽量全面、独到的信息。在自传中 罗列自己选修过的相关课程及取得的成绩,虽然有助于读者了解您的背景,但却既占篇 幅,读起来又枯燥无味。相反,如果把这些内容放在简历中,则会给人以清晰明了、一 针见血的感觉。因而,我们建议把这些内容放在简历中,节省篇幅来写更加具有份量、 有特色的内容。但这也不是绝对的,转系的申请人在自传中提及自己选修过的相关课程, 有助于帮助读者加深印象,同时强调自己对这个领域的兴趣。请注意观察以下两例: 本例中的申请人因为课堂以外的活动非常丰富,所以在这篇自传中没有列举修过的 课程。 范例 1 My experiences outside of the college have, in turn, broadened my scope and allowed me many opportunities to participate in various research activities at school. In May 1999, due to my proficient command of English and sound academic background, I was selected to work with a visiting professor from France. Coming from different backgrounds and cultures, we discovered many interesting differences in our ways of thinking. Taking advantage of the differences, the French Professor and I had many long hours of discussion and eventually ·84· 第 1 部分 自 传 developed a very creative exhibition entitled “Architecture and Image: The Modernism Urban Buildings of SSS”. In this exhibition, we displayed a rich collection of research and analysis work. Among them is my digital video piece that recorded and analyzed emerging issues with the urbanization of Beijing. My performance in this project won me immense trust from my professors. In April 2000, I was entrusted with another interesting and challenging assignment. This time, I cooperated with researchers from England’s MMM University to study one of the oldest districts in SSS, the AAA District. In this project, we not only conducted detailed analysis on challenges facing AAA’s current situation but also completed a thorough mapping of the area. Upon completion of this project, I again won high praises from my professors and British colleagues. Both of these projects have allowed me to reach a deeper understanding of traditional Chinese architecture and the effects of urbanization on this area. I have developed a strong interest in the relationship between architecture and urban city development and have been paying closer attention to the historical and cultural background of building sites since then. 下例中的申请人因为想要从英语系转到工商管理系,故而在自传中列出了选修过的 和 MBA 有关的课程:International Trade Theory、Marketing、Outline of Global Economy。 范例 2 In 1999 I was admitted, with very competitive college entrance exam scores, into the English Department of Foreign Language School at WWW University, one of the oldest and most prestigious universities in China. I chose to major in English Linguistics and Literature. The years of study at WWW brought me very high English language proficiency and a solid background in modern linguistic theories and their applications. Meanwhile, English literature courses acquainted me with western history and culture. The mental enrichment and enlightenment that these college courses brought helped shape my life views and way of living and will be a great inspiration for many years to come. No doubt that my major area of study will, in many aspects, ease my transistion to future studies abroad. My excellent performance, especially after the first semester, qualified me to be admitted directly into the graduate program of our department, waiving any admission test requirements. However, I have chosen to bypass advanced studies in English Linguistics and Literature for further pursuit in the field I ·85· 成功留学文书写作必备 am studying simultaneously as the second major, business administration. I chose to take on a second major in business administration at the beginning of my second semester at WWW University. By the end of this semester, I will have completed all the required courses to earn dual degrees in arts and business. This strong interest incurred after I had taken some management courses that prompted me to frequently visit libraries and to attend speech and seminars in order to broaden my knowledge as much as possible. While I took delight in my strong performance in courses such as International Trade Theory, Marketing, Outline of Global Economy, etc, I realized how important it is to develop management concepts based both on western and oriental cultures and traditions. In my eyes, this combination will be of more strength than those concepts built on single culture alone. 5.3 我怎么样才能选出合适的材料 恰当的选材可以帮助您在科研经历的广度和深度中找到平衡。我们看到很多申请人 在这一部分喜欢把自己做过的所有项目、实验都罗列出来,以便广撒网、多捞鱼。其实 这种方法并不可取,因为就算您恰巧碰到了对口的教授,但您却没有谈他感兴趣的细节, 那么也会很快被遗忘。因此,我们提倡用一两句话简要概括自己的经历。但拿出一件最 让您自豪的经历,重点地刻画与阐述。 也许您有许多自豪的经历,那么您应该如何选择呢?很简单,写自传的目的是为了 让招生委员会了解您在某领域里的能力和潜力,您选择的科研经历必须做到: 1)能够 ( 显示您的扎实基础知识; 2)这些知识与所申请专业的密切联系。值得一提的是,如果 ( 您的经历能同时证明(1)和(2) ,那就最好不过了。但如果您过去的经历和您选择的专 业并不是十分对口,这也没什么可怕的。西方教育体系更注重学生的学习能力和基础素 质。学无止境,未知的永远多于已知的。只要您具备了申请学科要求的素质,成功地申 请一个不同学科的可能性也是极大的。 许多申请人说自己最大的苦恼就是没做过什么惊天动地的科研,这一部分不知从何 写起。这正是申请人写自传的一大误区,其实合适的经历不在于您做的事情有多大,而 在于如何把它写大。说“写大”当然不是吹牛,而是指您需要把所参与的事写成一件非 常 Significant 的事件。当您把自己的经历看得并写得十分具体、生动、令人信服时,您 ·86· 第 1 部分 自 传 的自信也就会感染招生委员会。 值得重点描述的经历可以是一次实验课中的实验;您写的一篇报告;读的某本书、 某篇论文;您做过的毕业设计;参加过的实习、学术讲座、学术会议;和导师的一席谈 话;自己在课外参加的学术活动;参加过的有偿、无偿的工作经历。无论您选择写什么, 所写的内容都应该包括以下几个部分: 1)是关于什么; 2)意义和影响何在; 3)您 ( ( ( 在这件事情中的角色; 4)您是如何完成您负责的部分的; 5)结果; 6)您在其中起 ( ( ( 了什么样的作用; 7)这件事情对您产生的影响,以及您在这件事情中学到了什么。 ( 当然,您在叙述自己经历的过程中不必要完全按照们在上面建议的顺序,但应该 保证您的自传中包含这些元素。只有这样,您写出来的经历才会是详细、具体、有血有 肉、令人信服的。 在以下两个例子里,申请人都只选择了一件经历来描写。 范例 1 In 1999, my friends and I started a design workgroup, Studio RRR. Among my talented friends, there are art students, an experienced interior designer, and an art teacher. Working with my friends, I have learned a great deal in the practical operation of the architecture industry. Each of our team members has a unique strength and although I was not initially as experienced as some of my friends, my creative ideas have inspired the development of several projects. Working diligently together, our Studio has achieved significant success. Since our opening, we have taken on and completed many projects. Among them are the interior and exterior design and construction of many residential houses, two Café Bars, one elementary school district plan, and several contemporary furniture designs. We have also participated in regular exhibitions and academic salons. Our latest achievement is winning the 3rd Prize in the Design Competition of the Educational Building of the MMM Academy, coming out ahead of many well established large design corporations. I have paid great attention to the construction and fabrication aspects of building architecture while working in Studio RRR. I have learned to feel the substance of a building while drawing lines and colors on my design blueprint. Only when I can naturally translate those lines and colors into concrete, steel, glass, and brick am I able to feel confident about my design. The more I work, the more I learn. I have gradually learned to appreciate and evaluate other ·87· 成功留学文书写作必备 architects’ work while accumulating more working experience. As a result, in March 2001, I won 2nd Prize in PPP University’s annual Challenger Cup of Science and Technology Competition with a unique furniture design. In May 2001, I won the Gold Cup in the First LLL Cup National Competition of Architecture Students, the most acclaimed national competition for Architecture students in China. 范例 2 The majority of today’s distance education applications, including those that provide Virtual Experiment Platforms, are web-based. Although these applications are user-friendly, their data usually is too simplistic. To build a virtual learning environment that truly mirrors real life experience, an advanced approach is necessary. Together with several other graduate students in the Computer Science Department at QQQ University, I have developed an advanced integrated Virtual Experiment Platform. This platform is based on client/server architecture and uses TCP SOCKETS, which is mainly implemented in C++ to deliver an almost real life lab experience for distant users. The central Virtual Experiment managing and processing server, the remote systems, and the Internet comprise an effective system that allows lab managers to prepare for experiments, students to set up tests, and teachers to instruct operations at anytime from anywhere. Compared to most applications that store experiment processes on the server, this new architecture levitates the server data processing load and reduces the intensity of the internal data flow. This has lowered the bandwidth requirement thus making it attractive to large-scale universities that have not yet acquired sufficient bandwidth. The development of this project has required sound knowledge in C++, Computer Networking, and Database. I devoted many long hours in the library and lab to the development process in order to finally complete this project successfully. Based on my research findings, I have published two papers in the QQQ University Academic Journal. Both of these articles, “Virtual Experiment Platform for Distance Education” and “Role-based Access Control in the WWW environment,” have received positive feedback from many students and faculty. Currently, this platform has been implemented on a small-scale and performs well. By the end of 2002, the Computer Networking College of GGG University will deploy this platform and offer distance education to its students. ·88· 第 1 部分 自 传 ·89· ...
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This note was uploaded on 08/15/2010 for the course ENGLISH W340 taught by Professor Prof.simonfeng during the Spring '10 term at Arizona Western College.

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