cell_division_note

cell_division_note - By Jadon Lam 2009 HKDSE BIOLOGY 1 All...

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Unformatted text preview: By Jadon Lam 2009 HKDSE BIOLOGY 1 All rights reserved By Jadon Lam 2009 HKDSE BIOLOGY 2 All rights reserved By Jadon Lam 2009 HKDSE BIOLOGY 3 All rights reserved By Jadon Lam 2009 HKDSE BIOLOGY 4 All rights reserved By Jadon Lam 2009 HKDSE BIOLOGY 5 All rights reserved By Jadon Lam 2009 HKDSE BIOLOGY 6 All rights reserved By Jadon Lam 2009 HKDSE BIOLOGY Exam Tips High frequency items in Exam 1. Compare and contrast the mitosis and meiosis? 2. When do mitosis and meiosis occur in sexual reproduction? 3. What are the functions of mitotic and meiotic cell division ? 4. What are the significance of meiosis? Jadon's remarks on Question 1: (Very important for the exam!!) M any students don't know how to answer the compare and contrast type of questions, but in biological process comparison, just simply follows the planning below, always PLAN before ANSWERING. 1. List the key features of one of the process first. 2. 3. List another sides and works like matching. States the similarities first with the word "both" Solution to Question 1 : Compare and contrast the mitosis and meiosis? Similarities between the processes of mitosis and meiosis - Both involve nuclear division. - Both involve duplication / replication of DNA/ chromosomes and movement of chromosomes along the spindle fibres. - Both involve spindle formation. 7 All rights reserved By Jadon Lam 2009 HKDSE BIOLOGY Differences between the processes of mitosis and meiosis Mitosis Meiosis 2 identical daughter nuclei are formed each is genetically similar to the parent nucleus 4 daughter nuclei are formed which are genetically different from the parent nuclei and each other Only 1 division of the nucleus, same chromosome number as the parent nucleus 2 divisions of the nucleus, chromosome number reduced to h a l f . No pairing up of homologues, linear alignment at the equator(14) Homologous chromosomes pair up at the equator in the first division. Chromosome splits into chromatids which move to opposite poles. No splitting into chromatids in first division Entire chromosome migrates to opposite poles; homologue separates No such events May involve chiasma formation, may involve crossing over of genetic material between homologous chromatids; results in variation. 未完 Presented by Jadon Lam 8 All rights reserved By Jadon Lam 2009 HKDSE BIOLOGY 課程查詢/報名熱線:2789 2069 Website: www.headway.edu.hk 9 All rights reserved ...
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