The Battles of Saratoga (Final Copy).docx - 1 Summary In...

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1 Summary: In 1777, the Battle of Saratoga was substantiated as a definitive moment in American history. The two battles that occurred on Freeman's Farm and in the Bemis Heights proved a momentous victory for the Continental Army over the British Empire. The British, led by General John Burgoyne surrendered to General Horatio Gates’ and his troops, initiating the shift in the Revolutionary War. This colonial revolt attested to the mercilessness of these Patriots and their aptitude to fight as a united front against the mighty United Kingdom. These efforts assisted the colonists in becoming their own nation; the United States of America. Narrative: Through the 17th century, the thirteen colonies were under the authority of the British Empire. The colonists were dissatisfied with Britains numerous unrighteous laws and acts implemented by King George III. The influx of these laws established a sense of disconnect between the colonists and Britain, which led to declaring independence from Britain on July 4, 1776. When the formal intent to leave the British Empire came to fruition, King George III made it evident that this was unacceptable; "When the unhappy…multitude, against whom this force will be directed, shall become sensible of their error, I shall be ready to receive the misled with… mercy." 1 With their numerous victories prior to Saratoga, the British were confident about their mission to conquer the colonies and reap the economic benefits linked to the land. To further their powerful stance over the colonists, the British hired soldiers from Hesse, New Brunswick, 1 1 Great Britain. Sovereign (1760-1820: George III), and George. His Majesty's Most Gracious Speech to Both Houses of Parliament, on Friday, October 27 [I.e. Thursday, October 26], 1775. Philadelphia: Printed by Hall & Sellers, 1776.
2 known as Hessians. 2 To eradicate the optimism towards colonial independence, the British Army commanded by Burgoyne launched a surprise invasion from their base in Canada to their final destination point in Albany, New York. Burgoyne communicated his plan to King George III. He said that controlling the Hudson Bay, near Albany, gives Britain a betting proposition over conquering the colonies. The intended

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